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Pus in the throat: causes, symptoms, photos - what to do and how to treat?

The mucous membrane of the mouth and throat should be pink in color, shiny, without inclusions and foreign particles. The appearance of white, gray or yellow spots is not considered normal and indicates the occurrence of the disease.

Most often these are plots of pus accumulated by the body in response to microbial infection and inflammation.

Content

Causes of pus in the throat, symptoms of diseases, photo

Purulent education in the throat, photo

Purulent education in the throat, photo

There are several reasons for the appearance of pus:

  1. The most common cause is tonsil disease: acute tonsillitis (follicular, lacunar), chronic tonsillitis.
  2. Inflammatory diseases of the sinuses: sinusitis, sinusitis.
  3. Diphtheria.
  4. Development of purulent inflammation in a foreign object in the nose.

Pus in the throat is a frequent companion of angina and chronic tonsillitis, however, its appearance with these ailments is accompanied by other symptoms.

Purulent bloom, photo throat

Purulent bloom, photo throat

Acute sore throat develops in a short period of time, it starts suddenly with sore throat, feeling unwell, fever.

When the lacunar form in the recesses on the tonsils (lacunae) appear films of pus. When rinsing or under mechanical stress (for example, with a cotton swab), pus is easily removed.

Follicular sore throat is called inflammation in the follicles of the tonsils. In addition to the redness and swelling of the tonsils, there is a pus that looks in the form of small grains. This is the inflamed follicles.

Over time, small ulcers can open themselves, pus flows into the pharynx or oral cavity, which causes an unpleasant taste in the mouth and fetid odor from the mouth.

In acute forms of tonsillitis, the appearance of pus in the throat occurs with elevated body temperature (up to 40 ° C) and disability due to severe intoxication syndrome.

Chronic tonsillitis is the presence of an infection in the tissue of the tonsils, which can be in a dormant state for a long time, and with a decrease in immunity, it can produce exacerbations that are manifested by inflammation and the formation of purulent plugs.

This is a consequence of previously suffered acute angina, which were not adequately treated and the source of infection remained.

Pus in the throat in chronic tonsillitis may appear without an increase in temperature, the general condition may suffer slightly.

More often the patient notes only a sore throat. On examination, enlarged palatine tonsils are seen, the lacunae are blocked by purulent masses, and the unpleasant smell of decaying tissues is felt from the mouth.

Diphtheria - purulent plugs are easily confused with diphtheria formations in the pharynx, which are very similar in appearance. Diphtheria is considered a childhood disease, it is very difficult with high fever and sore throat. On the tonsils appear films of gray or yellow color, which resemble pus.

View throat with diphtheria, photo

View throat with diphtheria, photo

A feature of these spots is their tight connection with the mucous membrane. When diphtheria plaque does not disappear after rinsing and mechanical effects on them. When you try to clean the film with a spatula or scrap materials, the mucous membranes at the spot formation point are marked.

In severe cases, diseases of the film cover not only the tonsils, they can be found in any part of the mouth. The disease is dangerous development of edema of the larynx and soft tissues of the neck, which threatens to stop breathing.

With a large number of films there is a high probability of blockage of the larynx and disruption of normal breathing. In diphtheria, the child must be urgently hospitalized for specific therapy.

When inflammation of the sinuses of the skull (sinusitis), pus has a peculiarity to drain into the throat. In a chronic process, the general symptoms of the disease may be mild, the patient complains only about the taste of pus in the mouth and the smell from the oral cavity, which is not eliminated by the use of toothpastes and rinses.

Often purulent discharge expectorated in the form of clots of yellow color.

Pus in a throat at the child - features

Pus in the throat of a child, photo survey

Pus in the throat of a child, photo survey

The appearance of pus in the throat of a child without prior severe symptoms can often indicate the presence of a foreign object in the nose or sinuses.

Small children like to experiment with small toys and objects, thrusting them into the natural openings of their bodies. Parents can not always notice it.

After some time, inflammation develops at the location of the foreign body, and if the mucous membrane is damaged, secondary infection with the development of purulent inflammation occurs. This happens especially quickly if the small object had uneven or sharp edges.

Mom and dad may notice that the child has an unpleasant smell from the mouth, and when inspecting the throat pus can be seen on the back wall. This suggests that purulent exudate flows into the oropharynx.

If the object is located in the nasal passage is low, then purulent discharge can move away through the nose, simulating a runny nose. However, the selection will be only from the nostrils in which the subject. For a cold, one-sided nasal flow is not typical.

Diagnosis of diseases with pus in the throat

If you find one of the above symptoms, you should contact your ENT doctor for a detailed examination and diagnosis.
At the stage of diagnosis, the measures are quite simple and painless:

  • Examination of the throat, or pharyngoscopy.
  • Blood tests to confirm the inflammatory process in the body.
  • Taking a smear from the tonsils for further sowing to determine the type of pathogen and determine its sensitivity to antibiotics.

Methods of treatment of pus in the throat

Methods for the treatment of purulent manifestations

Treatment is carried out only after confirmation of the diagnosis. Methods of treatment should be directed to the cause of the disease - infection. These are mainly conservative methods, which may include the following:

  1. Antibiotic therapy. The doctor prescribes antibacterial drugs from those groups to which the pathogen is sensitive.
  2. In chronic tonsillitis, purulent plugs are removed by washing the tonsils lacunae. This is carried out with a syringe or on a special device "Tonsillor" using antiseptic solutions. The method promotes faster healing and increases the period of remission, due to the removal of the pathogen and dead cells from the depressions of the tonsils.
  3. After cleansing, drugs are introduced into the lacunae in the form of ointments, pastes.
  4. Self-rinse antiseptic or herbal infusions.
  5. When a foreign object is found in the nasal area, it is extracted and preparations for healing the mucous membrane are prescribed.
  6. Immunomodulatory drugs.
  7. Physiotherapy, which accelerates the healing process and relieves inflammation.

If purulent congestion is not amenable to conservative methods of treatment, tonsillectomy is performed.

Whenever possible try to avoid an operative measure as palatine tonsils provide function of the filter, neutralizing air and food. But at the same time, chronic inflammation in the throat can spread to other organs: the heart, joints, kidneys.

Tonsillectomy is performed according to strict indications, when the risk of complications on the internal organs exceeds all others.

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