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Hyperhidrosis, what is it? Causes and treatment recommendations

New for most people, the term "hyperhidrosis" means increased sweating. Such a condition is not an independent pathology and may indicate some malfunctions in the functioning of the organism. According to various estimates, 1–15% of the population suffers from excessive sweating.

Although hyperhidrosis does not pose a threat to health, its symptoms cause serious discomfort, especially when a person is in society or intimate communication.

Content

Hyperhidrosis - what is it?

Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating of the whole body or in certain parts of it (folds of skin, face, palms and feet). Sweating is normal skin function. However, with hyperhidrosis, under the influence of a provoking factor (anxiety, stress, even minimal physical exertion), the sweat glands begin to work in a heightened mode. The person begins to sweat, there is a feeling of restraint from an unpleasant smell.

Hyperhidrosis - what is it

Perspiration due to high temperature, severe physical exertion and emotional reaction should not be considered a deviation. However, some people react too violently to these factors, literally "soaking from head to toe."

At the same time, the hyperfunction of the sweat glands, provoking physiological hyperhidrosis, is caused by an abnormal reaction of the sympathetic system.

About the reasons

Hyperhidrosis occurs most often in a localized form (palmar and plantar, large folds, face) and is provoked by one of the diseases:

  1. Endocrine disorders, including menopause in women , diabetes and obesity;
  2. Vegetative-vascular dystonia (hyperhidrosis in the IRR most often occurs during adolescence and in emotionally unstable personalities);
  3. Flat feet;
  4. Disorders of the central nervous system (Parkinson's disease, stroke) and brain injury;
  5. Chronic lung diseases, including tuberculosis ;
  6. A sharp decrease in blood sugar levels.

Sometimes an additional cause of hyperhidrosis is genetic predisposition, poor body hygiene, wearing narrow or rubber shoes, synthetic clothing.

Symptoms of hyperhidrosis by forms of manifestation

Symptoms of hyperhidrosis

A person suffering from excessive sweating, there are quite unpleasant symptoms visible to other people.

Underarm Hyperhidrosis

Excessive underarm sweating is the most common form of hyperhidrosis. In humans, visible:

  • Huge wet footprints in the armpits;
  • When dried, sweat leaves traces on yellowish, red and purple clothes;
  • Strong smell, noticeable to others even when using deodorant.

Hyperhidrosis of the foot

An unpleasant smell from the legs, quickly appearing after washing, is caused by a change in the acidity of the skin. At the same time on the "always wet from sweat" legs quickly develops a fungus , which further aggravates the appearance of hyperhidrosis.

Hyperhidrosis of the palms

Wet, always cold palms are in most cases a sign of an unstable nervous system and high emotionality. Even a minimal experience can provoke instant sweating of the palms. A person is shy when shaking hands and communicating with other people.

Hyperhidrosis of the legs

In this case, not only the feet sweat, the entire skin of the feet is covered with a wet perspiration. Drops of sweat drain from the groin, causing scuffs on the inner thighs and irritating the most tender skin of the popliteal fossa.

Other signs of hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis can be localized in other areas of the skin. Somewhat less common common hyperhidrosis of the body. When this appears:

  • Redness and shine of the face, sweat on the forehead (a person constantly wipes his face with a napkin);
  • Scuffing under the breasts in women;
  • Maceration of the skin in the groin;
  • Flowing sweat streams along the spine;
  • Wet underwear - in such cases, the person says: "wet, even squeeze."

Hyperhidrosis not only causes a decrease in self-esteem in humans and generates a lot of complexes. Excessive sweating skin is an excellent breeding ground for bacteria and fungi.

Therefore, people with hyperhidrosis often have pus, pyrexia, streptoderma, and other inflammatory skin diseases.

Treatment of hyperhidrosis - drugs and recommendations for home

Although it is not difficult to diagnose pathology, it is often quite difficult to identify the true cause. But it is precisely from the cause that it is necessary to begin the treatment of hyperhidrosis in order to permanently save a person from excessive sweating.

What can be done at home?

Treatment of hyperhidrosis at home

Treatment of hyperhidrosis at home

Simple rules will help a person to significantly reduce the level of sweating. For this, it is recommended:

  • Stop eating hot, fatty, spicy foods. Limit salt intake. It is worth remembering: onions and garlic in the dishes give the sweat a particularly unpleasant smell.
  • Eliminate the use of alcohol, stop smoking.
  • Frequent hygienic shower. Contrast douche is most suitable.
  • Buy clothes only from their natural fabrics. Synthetic does not allow air and creates a "greenhouse" effect.
  • Daily change of underwear, socks and pantyhose.
  • The use of antibacterial insoles in shoes that prevent the growth of bacteria and fungus, as well as neutralize unpleasant odor. Special insoles can be replaced by pouring soda into your shoes daily. The effect will be the same.
  • Use deodorants (only on a clean body!). A mixture of sweat and perfume gives no less disgusting smell than the actual sweat. Conventional antiperspirants contain aluminum salts that block the ducts of the glands in a concentration of up to 3%. However, for a person with hyperhidrosis this is almost always not enough. In such cases, medical antiperspirants with a high salt concentration help. Such agents for hyperhidrosis of the armpits are used only once a week and are applied overnight for greater effectiveness.
  • Rubbing of plentifully sweating places (for example, armpits) with soda solution. The use of baby powder will prevent maceration of the skin and the development of the inflammatory reaction - swelling and redness.
  • Using a decoction of oak and alum - bath and rubbing should be used regularly for a long time.

All the above procedures are only symptomatic treatment of hyperhidrosis. At the termination of their use, sweating rises again.

Medical procedures for the treatment of hyperhidrosis

Medical treatment of hyperhidrosis, drugs

Medical treatment of hyperhidrosis, drugs

Modern medicine has several methods to effectively eliminate excessive sweating. These measures include:

  • Formidron, Formagel

These agents containing formaldehyde are effective only with a slight increase in sweating. However, they have antiseptic properties, which is especially important in the treatment of hyperhidrosis of the foot. Teymurov's paste has a similar effect.

  • Obkalyvanie zone hyperhidrosis Botox, Dysport

Drugs containing botulinum toxin can quickly treat hyperhidrosis. During the procedure, the entire area of ​​excessive sweating is cut off. Botox treatment is advisable only for localized hyperhidrosis.

The effect, depending on the type of drug, lasts only 6-12 months, after which the procedure should be repeated. Botox injections are carried out on an outpatient basis, often in the salons of qualified cosmetologists.

  • Curettage problem area

Prior to the start of the manipulation, the marking is carried out by marking the Minor's iodine-starch breakdown. Then, under local anesthesia, a 5-10 mm puncture is made (depending on the thickness of the skin), through which the doctor cures the skin with a special curette.

At the same time, the small processes of the sympathetic nerve intersect and the sweat glands are removed. The effectiveness of curettage - reducing sweating by 90% and the complete elimination of the specific smell.

  • Sympathectomy

The operation is performed endoscopically: all manipulations are performed after 2 punctures. With the help of a mini-camera, the doctor detects a sympathetic nerve on which a special clip (clip) is placed or is crossed with a high-frequency current.

The operation requires general anesthesia, it lasts no more than half an hour, and the patient is discharged from the clinic the next day.

It is possible to conduct sympathectomy as the main treatment for pronounced hyperhidrosis of the armpits, face. However, compensatory hyperhidrosis is not excluded: after the operation, the body begins to persist in other areas.

Hyperhidrosis: which doctor to contact?

signs of hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is usually referred to a dermatologist or neuropathologist. However, it is often necessary to consult an endocrinologist, a pulmonologist and other specialized specialists to identify the cause of excessive sweating.

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