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Genital herpes: causes, symptoms and treatment, ways of infection, photo

What it is? Genital herpes is an infectious disease that is common among people aged 15 to 49 years. Patients suffer from itching and burning, which occurs when the formation of herpetic ulcers and painful blisters on the skin and mucous genital organs (see photo).

Herpesvirus carriers are the majority of the world's population. The virus "sits" in the cell and a long period does not manifest clinically. The infection caused by the herpevirus is acute, then goes into the latent stage and does not manifest itself until a certain time.

As soon as the patient had a cold, overheated, experienced a nervous shock, physical overwork the virus reminds of itself. Rashes of bubbles on the skin of the lips are an example. The virus effectively interacts with the immune system, so it spreads as much as possible in the human body and lasts for a lifetime. Periodically relapses occur with a characteristic clinical picture.

photo of genital herpes in men

photo of genital herpes in men

A patient who has genital herpes cannot but be aware of their infection. She will not let herself be forgotten. The disease is complex, bright onset with characteristic symptoms. Genital genital herpes causes a virus. In medicine, 8 types of herpes virus have been identified, two of which are the cause for the defeat of the genitalia.

Both herpes simplex viruses infect the body and find themselves rashes on the lips and genitals. Herpesvirus -1 is the cause of oral and genital lesions, but more often it is localized on the lips and mouth. The herpevirus-2 also causes oral and genital infection, in almost all cases, the genitalia and vagina are affected.

The first accounts for about 20% of infections, the second, respectively, 80%. The virus contacts the mucous membranes of the human body by contact. These are thin and delicate layers of tissue that line the openings of the body (nose, mouth, genitals).

Upon entering the blood and lymph, the virus enters the cells, multiplies and quickly adapts to the environment, which makes it difficult to suppress its activity. The first and second types of genital herpes are found in the body fluids of infected people:

  • saliva;
  • sperm;
  • vaginal discharge.

Content

Ways of infection risk factors

The disease is more susceptible to women than men. This is understandable, because women have a large surface of the mucous tissues of the genital organs. They are open, and the virus is easier to penetrate into the body. Carrying a child increases the likelihood of transmission of the virus from the mother.

Primary infection is possible through airborne droplets as early as childhood. Secondary infection occurs during sexual contact. Women are at risk of infection with genital herpes:

  • with reduced immunity;
  • with sexually transmitted diseases;
  • with an established intrauterine device;
  • after surgical abortions.

Signs of genital herpes, photo

genital herpes in women photo

genital herpes in women photo

Common signs of infection with genital herpes are:

  • Blister rash on the skin of the genitals;
  • Bubbles filled with liquid appear in the mouth, near the lips, on the face, that is, where there was a local infection with a virus;
  • An infected place itches, burning sensation and tingling accompanied by the formation of a blister;
  • The bubbles burst, the liquid flows out. At this place ulcers are formed, which constantly secrete fluid;
  • After 7 days, a crust forms at the site of the sores;
  • Lymph nodes increase;
  • Headache and fever.

Symptoms of genital herpes in women

Symptoms of genital herpes in women

closeup photo

What a genital herpes looks like, a woman can find out on the second day after being infected with the virus, or in almost a month. Before the first rash appears on the skin, there is an ache in the body, it is possible that the temperature will rise.

Blisters are formed near the entrance to the vagina, anus and on the bottom of the buttocks. Such rashes are accompanied by pain and burning, it is difficult for a woman to go to the toilet because of pains during urination. Gradually, the sores get crusted and dry. An exacerbation lasts no more than a week, then the skin is cleansed and takes on its original appearance.

Genital herpes in women can affect the internal genital organs. Colpitis, cervical leukoplakia, or a disease affecting the epithelium inside the uterus are detected.

The course of the disease in different patients will differ slightly. Signs and symptoms may recur for many years. Some women will have numerous episodes every year, others less often over time. During relapse, shortly before the appearance of ulcers, the patient will feel:

  • burning, tingling, and itching at the place where the infection appears on the body;
  • pain in lower back, buttocks and legs.

Relapses are usually less painful than the initial outbreak and the wounds on the skin heal faster.

In the period of exacerbation, a woman is prone to insomnia, irritability. For some, it becomes impossible to visit public places and go to work.

Herpes and pregnancy. What is the risk?

If a woman is pregnant - genital herpes is a serious danger - he faces spontaneous abortions and miscarriages of the fetus in the later stages. If a woman during pregnancy carries a recurrence of genital herpes in the last months, this increases the chance to give birth to an infected baby. The probability is 5%.

During the initial infection of pregnant women, the figure is significantly higher - 70% and higher. Babies born with genital herpes have a risk of education:

  • blindness;
  • brain damage;
  • sudden death.

Pregnant women need to inform the gynecologist about the presence of the disease. The doctor will take measures at the time of delivery, minimizing the likelihood of infecting the infant. Most likely, a caesarean section will be prescribed. Women in the position of prescribed analysis, determining the presence of antibodies to the herpes virus.

Diagnostics

The doctor diagnoses herpes infection by visual examination of the patient. Additionally, conduct laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis:

  • vaginal smear ;
  • immunoferment blood (IgG titer, IgM);
  • liquid from bubbles is tested for polymerase chain reaction;
  • determination of culture by sowing and study of the material obtained by an electron microscope.

Treatment of genital herpes in women

Treatment of genital herpes in women

Therapy is aimed at reducing the outbreak of genital herpes, but, unfortunately, it is not possible to cure the virus. Medications reduce the symptoms and reduce the time of acute inflammation.

Antiviral drugs are prescribed: Valacyclovir, Cycloferon, Panavir, Acyclovir, etc. The action is aimed at suppressing the reproduction of the virus in the body. The doctor selects a treatment regimen, depending on the nature of the flow of genital herpes.

The use of antiviral therapy in the early stages, when only the first symptoms of herpes appear, reduces the number of rashes on the skin. To increase the body's defenses take vitamins and immunomodulatory drugs. Showing hardening, physiotherapy.

To reduce the likelihood of relapse, patients are advised to follow a diet enriched with vitamins, avoid stress, do not smoke, and avoid colds.

When you follow the recommendations of the doctor, the prognosis is favorable.

Women need to be responsible to sexual partners and prevent their possible infection, a strong recommendation to use a condom during sexual intercourse. Although using it does not have 100% protection, transmission of the virus occurs through the mucous membranes and there is a chance of infection even in the absence of obvious signs of genital herpes from the partner.

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