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Hemorrhoids in women: the first signs, symptoms and treatment

What it is? Hemorrhoids are a disease characterized by inflammation and the formation of blood clots in hemorrhoidal veins. At the same time, the veins increase in size, acquire a bizarre, twisted shape, in the later stages they fall out of the rectum (see photo).

Both men and women are affected. The symptoms of hemorrhoids are similar in both sexes, but the causes are different. This is due to differences in lifestyles, as well as the peculiarities of the structure and functioning of the female body.

Content

Causes of hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids in women

Hemorrhoids have no age features. May appear at a young or mature age. The following factors may contribute to the formation of hemorrhoids:

  • Constipation: women often suffer from such a violation of the chair. The desire to look good leads to the fact that the representatives of the beautiful half often try to follow diets, trying on themselves almost all the options.
  • Improper diet: the abuse of spicy dishes, coffee and alcohol contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.
  • Hypodynamia: many women’s occupations do not require special activity in the workplace, most often working hours are held standing or sitting.
  • Regular walking or running is a rarity in the everyday life of modern girls and women.
  • Other conditions contributing to the violation of the outflow in the pelvic area: various diseases of the female reproductive system, irregular or incomplete sex life.
  • Trauma to the rectum during anal sex.
  • Unbearable physical exertion. Especially quickly hemorrhoids develop during weight lifting (in the gym, in the country, in production, etc.).
  • Obesity. Excess weight is accompanied by physical inactivity, often constipation, as well as fat deposits exert a load on the joints and muscles.
  • The period of childbearing and childbirth. Hemorrhoids in pregnant women are not uncommon, when a child is born, high intra-abdominal pressure is created, the enlarged uterus presses on the pelvic organs, impairing blood circulation. Hemorrhoids in women after childbirth is a consequence of the exacerbation of an existing chronic hemorrhoids. It arises from the overstressing of the muscles of the pelvis during the drinking period and during the passage of the child through the birth canal.
  • An increase in nodes may occur during the onset of menstruation. These days of the month, more blood enters the pelvic region, this contributes to blood overflow and an increase in nodes.

The first signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids in women

symptoms of hemorrhoids in women

photos of hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids in women

The symptomatology of this disease directly depends on the type and stage. Hemorrhoids are classified as acute and chronic.

In acute cases, patients almost always go to the hospital - acute, unbearable pain in the anal area occurs, hemorrhoids are enlarged, sharply painful, have a dark blue or black color. Inflammation spreads to the tissues around the nodes. The acute form of hemorrhoids is caused by thrombosis of hemorrhoids. The condition requires urgent hospitalization.

Chronic hemorrhoids can exist for many years. Patients usually become accustomed to their symptoms, experiencing severe suffering only at the time of exacerbations.

Hemorrhoids are a very intimate problem, therefore, when signs of illness appear, many do not rush to seek professional help.

Chronic hemorrhoids can be divided into four stages.

  • The initial stage of hemorrhoids in women is accompanied by unpleasant feelings in the rectal area. Most often it is itching or burning, feeling like there is some object there. Symptoms are worse after an emptying of the intestines.
  • In the second stage, women will find bumps around the anus, which may fall out during a visit to the toilet. At this stage, the nodes are reset independently. Pain symptom is more pronounced. After a bowel movement, blood or mucus with streaks of blood may be detected.
  • The third stage is characterized by an increase in nodes. When they fall out, they are no longer able to lower themselves, patients set them up with their hands. Increased and painful nodes cause a lot of inconvenience and affect the quality of human life. Loss of them can happen from physical exertion or awkward movement. Patients with the third stage of hemorrhoids hurt to sit, performance during this period is sharply reduced. If there is no treatment at this stage, then it goes to the fourth.
  • At the fourth stage, the reduction of the nodes becomes impossible. They reach a huge size, bleed. Treatment at this stage is only operational.

According to the localization of nodes, hemorrhoids can be internal and external.

symptoms of acute hemorrhoids, photo

symptoms of acute hemorrhoids, photo

With external hemorrhoids in women, enlarged nodes are located near the anus. Nodes are easy to feel and differ in color from the surrounding tissue.

Symptoms of internal hemorrhoids in women for a long time may not appear. Nodes can be detected only by a doctor when examining the rectum.

Diagnosis of hemorrhoids: what tests must be passed?

At the first symptoms hinting at the development of hemorrhoids, you should consult a doctor and, if necessary, undergo a series of examinations. The sooner the disease is detected, the more successful and less expensive the treatment will be.

What examinations are performed when hemorrhoids are suspected:

  1. The simplest and mandatory method of diagnosis is the examination of the rectum with the help of a doctor's finger. The study is conducted in a gynecological chair.
  2. Inspection using a rectal speculum (anoscope). The study is painless and resembles an examination by a gynecologist. The mirror is inserted into the rectum after pre-cleansing with an enema, the patient is in the gynecological chair.
  3. Rectoromanoscopy is an examination with a device that expands the lumen of the anal section and has a special backlight.
  4. A blood test is performed to detect anemia. Anemia can develop with frequent and heavy bleeding from hemorrhoids.
  5. According to the testimony, a fecal occult blood test is performed. This is advisable if the bleeding has not been noticed by the woman.

As a rule, in advanced cases, the diagnosis can be made on the basis of inspection. Nodes become large and protrude from the anus.

Modern methods of treatment of hemorrhoids in women

Hemorrhoids in women are treated by a proctologist. This is a narrow specialist who deals exclusively with rectal diseases.

treatment of hemorrhoids in women Treatment of hemorrhoids in women at home is possible only in the early stages of the process. In other cases, treatment is carried out in a medical institution. In the initial stages of hemorrhoids in women, medications are used in the form of ointments or suppositories .

The action of these drugs is aimed at relieving pain and itching in the anus, reducing inflammation and preventing the formation of blood clots in the nodes.

The first three stages of the disease can be treated with gentle surgical methods: sclerotherapy, photocoagulation, ligation of nodes, laser coagulation.

  • The method of sclerotherapy is based on the introduction of a special drug that causes sclerosis of the node. Nodes are compacted and reduced in size.
  • During photocoagulation, the base of the node is exposed to high temperature. The blood supply of the node is stopped due to blood coagulation, after some time the nodes are rejected independently.
  • The same is done with a laser.
  • Ligation of nodes has been used by proctologists for a very long time. Ligatures are superimposed on the base of the knot. The blood ceases to flow into the knot, it dies off and is rejected.
  • In severe cases, surgery is performed to excise hemorrhoids under general anesthesia.

The network provides many tools and ways to quickly cure hemorrhoids in women. This is mainly advertising expensive drugs or methods of traditional medicine. Do not blindly trust such recommendations.

Hemorrhoids should be treated by a doctor, and the choice of method of treatment depends on the stage of the disease. Timely treatment to the doctor will avoid complications and save your budget.

Complications

The most common complication is bleeding. With frequent bleeding, anemia may develop.

  • Thrombosis of hemorrhoidal veins is accompanied by a strong pain symptom, to the extent that the patient cannot move. Treatment is carried out only in the hospital.
  • Paraproctitis is an inflammation that spreads to the tissue around the rectum due to the addition of an infection. Purulent inflammation is treated by surgery - the surgeon must find an abscess and open to remove purulent contents.

Prevention of the disease in women

In order for hemorrhoids to have chances for development, it is necessary to adjust their lifestyle:

  1. Monitor nutrition: foods rich in fiber should be present in the diet. Drink enough water. This will help avoid constipation.
  2. Be wary of diets. With the problem of excess weight it is better to enroll to a nutritionist who will prescribe a diet therapy on an individual basis.
  3. During pregnancy, follow the weight, not exceeding the allowable values. Regularly walk in the fresh air, do special exercises for pregnant women to prevent stagnation in the pelvis.
  4. After childbirth follow a diet, move more.
  5. Let sport into your life.
  6. Try not to lift heavy objects.
  7. Regularly undergo preventive examinations.

Do not be afraid and do not hesitate to contact the proctologist. Favorable outcome for hemorrhoids directly depends on the moment you go to the doctor. No need to lose precious time and try to treat the disease yourself.

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