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Explanation of analyzes

The follicular ovarian cyst (right / left), what should I do?

What it is?

Ovaries are the paired organs of the female reproductive system in which oocytes mature. But, unfortunately, they are also prone to inflammatory and cystic diseases. These can be granular formations after a follicle rupture.

By the way, the concept of the follicular cyst of the ovarian yellow body does not exist. Neoplasms have different origins and characteristics.


Follicular ovarian cyst - what is it?

The follicular cyst (of the right / left) of the ovary is a benign neoplasm that arises from the follicle outside of ovulation. This kind of cyst is approximately 83% of all cystic formations that occur on the ovaries. More often the disease affects women of childbearing age.

Follicular ovarian cyst

The follicular cyst of the ovary does not degenerate into a malignant form.

It is believed that the main cause of the disease is a violation of the hormonal background of the body, which can be provoked by the following factors:

  • constant stresses, nervous states;
  • problems in the work of the ovaries;
  • inflammatory processes in the appendages;
  • pregnancy or abortion also affect the hormonal background;
  • sexually transmitted diseases;
  • disorderly reception of hormonal drugs for contraception;
  • pathology of the endocrine system;
  • artificial stimulation of the ovaries, necessary for obtaining donor eggs with IVF.

The causes of the follicular ovarian cyst are varied, at times they are even banal. Therefore, women need to carefully monitor their physical and mental condition.

Symptoms of the follicular ovarian cyst

The signs of the follicular ovarian cyst in the initial stages, as a rule, are absent. This applies to cysts, the size of which is up to 4 cm. However, if the neoplasm continues to grow and increase, then the woman has the following symptoms:

  1. Abundant and prolonged bleeding during menstruation;
  2. Allocations with an admixture of blood between menstruation;
  3. The menstrual cycle can be disturbed;
  4. A feeling of heaviness appears in the abdomen, painful sensations in the inguinal region may be present;
  5. At the end of the monthly cycle, tenderness may increase;
  6. In addition, during the period of ovulation, you can observe a decrease in basal temperature below the average.

As a rule, the symptoms of the follicular cyst of the left or right ovary do not differ, they are absolutely identical.

Since the disease manifests itself in a small number of symptoms, several methods are used to examine and establish an accurate diagnosis.

  • Gynecological examination. When palpation of the anterior wall of the peritoneum, an elastic neoplasm can be palpated.
  • The method of ultrasound can accurately determine the presence of the follicular cyst, its size.
  • Biochemical research with a follicular ovarian cyst allows you to make an accurate diagnosis. Used to determine the level of the hormone estrogen.

If necessary, the doctor can use other methods to help you get more accurate information.

Possible complications

Unfortunately, the follicular cyst of the ovaries can become unsafe for the female body. There are a number of specific complications that can occur with this disease.

  1. Torsion of the ovary. It can arise as a result of a sharp change in the position of the body. At the same time, the vessels and nerve fibers that feed the ovary are squeezed. There are colic, acute pain, there may be nausea, vomiting, weakness.
  2. A ruptured cyst. Suffice a dangerous complication - a woman has acute pain, weakness, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, may be fainting.
  3. Internal bleeding. An extremely dangerous complication, if you do not help in time, then a fatal outcome is possible.

If there are sharp painful sensations and other suspicious symptoms, it's best to contact a gynecologist immediately.

Treatment of follicular ovarian cyst

Treatment of follicular ovarian cyst

Methods of treating the follicular ovarian cyst depends on the size of the formation. Cysts up to 3 cm, as a rule, do not heal. In most cases, they dissolve before menstruation. Specialists leave such neoplasms under observation.

Folk treatment of the follicular ovarian cyst is used if its size is not more than 6 cm. Typically, such cysts also have the property of resolving. And in order to avoid relapse, doctors can suggest using homeopathy and traditional medicine.

In more complex cases, drug treatment is used. It can be hormonal agents, anti-inflammatory drugs or vitamin complexes.

Often, doctors prescribe oral contraceptives in order to restore the hormonal background. However, the taking of such drugs is possible only after a blood test for hormones.

If the cystic formation continues to grow and its size becomes larger than 8 cm, then surgical intervention is used. The most commonly used laparoscopy.

Pregnancy and follicular ovarian cyst

In women, the ovaries work alternately. Therefore, only one of the organs participates in fertilization. And, if a cyst is formed in it, the process of fertilization becomes impossible until it disappears.

Sometimes this new growth occurs in the ovary of a pregnant woman. However, this is very dangerous for the baby. And if it is not removed, then this condition can lead to miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death.

Prevention of follicular cysts

To prevent this disease from appearing again, it is necessary to try to lead a lifestyle in which the hormonal background will remain normal. We need to spend more time in the fresh air, try to avoid nervous shocks, stress, take vitamin complexes.

Methods of contraception should be discussed with the doctor.

Ovarian cyst is an unpleasant disease, but amenable to modern treatment. If the doctor makes such a diagnosis, then do not panic immediately. It is better to do the right treatment and continue to enjoy life.


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