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Follicular angina: symptoms and treatment in children and adults

Angina is a disease characterized by an infectious inflammation of the lymphadenoid tissue of the palatine tonsils. The disease is common and accounts for 5% of the total incidence of adults and 6% of children. Familiar to almost everyone and there are different types, one of them - follicular tonsillitis.


Follicular sore throat: what is it?

Follicular sore throat is a disease in which purulent inflammation of the follicles of the tonsils occurs. This increases the cervical lymph nodes. As a rule, occurs in children and young people, but older people do not get angina.

In the International Classification of Diseases ICD 10, follicular angina code J03 - it refers to the acute form of tonsillitis.

Follicular sore throat

A characteristic sign is the appearance of purulent plaque, however, the appearance of pus is possible with another form of the disease - lacunar (lacunae of the tonsils inflamed). Therefore, follicular and lacunar tonsillitis is often called purulent.

The main causes of

The disease can occur for several reasons.

  • Infection is a major factor. Infection occurs through airborne droplets from a sick person. In addition, you can get sick if you use common dishes, towels.
  • Supercooling of the body. And you can get sick, having frozen completely, and you can only overcool your neck and throat.
  • Weakened immunity. The fact is that in this state the body is most vulnerable to various bacteria, so it is much easier to get sick.
  • Smoking. Constant irritation of the throat, and in winter also cold air, can provoke the development of the disease.
  • Sharp temperature drops. For example, the transition from the heat under the air conditioner or from cold to hot room. It can also cause illness.

These are the main causes of follicular tonsillitis.

Follicular sore throat: symptoms in adults, signs and photos

Photo of throat with follicular tonsillitis

Photo of throat with follicular tonsillitis

Like any other disease, follicular tonsillitis has its own specific characteristics. These include:

  1. General weakness, aching joints, drowsiness, loss of appetite;
  2. The temperature in follicular sore throat is high, up to 40 degrees;
  3. Headaches;
  4. Sore throat, you can observe redness and an increase in tonsils with the appearance of purulent plaque, dry mouth, cough;
  5. There may be painful sensations in the heart, since with the follicular sore throat, intoxication of the body often occurs, which leads to problems in the work of all organs;
  6. Lymph nodes are enlarged;
  7. In adults, there may be constipation, but for children, more liquid stools.

These are the main symptoms of follicular sore throat, so if such signs are detected, it is best for a person to immediately consult a doctor.

Symptoms of follicular tonsillitis in children, photo

follicular tonsillitis in children photo

follicular tonsillitis in children photo

Most often follicular tonsillitis occurs in children. The disease, unfortunately, is quite difficult. At the first stage, the child has severe weakness, discomfort and sore throat.

The disease develops very rapidly, the temperature rises, the pain in the throat increases - this leads to the inability to swallow food normally, and vomiting can occur.

This condition lasts for about two days, and then the symptoms gradually begin to decline. High fever, breathing and swallowing problems are major problems that greatly deplete a child during illness.

Diagnosis of the disease

The doctor can diagnose the follicular tonsillitis only after the examination. To diagnose the disease methods are used:

1. Clinical examination. It includes a survey, visual inspection outside, inspection of the pharynx and mouth with special tools.

2. Laboratory examination. The doctor may prescribe a blood test and bacteriological culture. The second analysis is the collection of material from the mucous membranes.

Based on the results obtained, the specialist diagnoses and prescribes the necessary treatment.

Treatment of follicular tonsillitis - 7 principles

Treatment of follicular tonsillitis

First of all, you need to remember - with such a disease to engage in self-treatment is unacceptable, especially in children. Only a doctor should prescribe the necessary medicines. The following methods are used to treat the disease:

  1. In case of follicular sore throat, antibiotics are required. Duration of medication should not be less than 10 days.
  2. Used antibacterial drugs of local action, which irrigate the throat. Most often they are used to treat follicular tonsillitis in children, especially if their sore throats cause nausea and vomiting.
  3. To reduce the temperature prescribed antipyretics. If necessary, the doctor may advise taking antihistamines.
  4. It is necessary to comply with bed rest, then recovery will be faster.
  5. To avoid dehydration, you need to drink a lot of fluid. It can be water, juices, fruit drinks, warm milk.
  6. Food is better to use liquid, do not irritate the already sore throat.
  7. In addition to taking antibiotics, you can gargle with special antibacterial agents or herbal infusions; a solution of salt and soda is suitable for this purpose.

Treatment of follicular angina in adults and children is not easy, so you need to comply with all appointments of doctors.

Disease complications

As a rule, after a week of correct treatment, the symptoms and signs of the disease should decrease. If this does not happen, either the drugs are selected incorrectly or all of the prescriptions of the doctors are not complied with. This can lead to the following complications:

  • Paratonsillar abscess. It is a cavity with purulent contents, located around the tonsil.
  • Lemierre Syndrome. In this case, an abscess occurs in the obstructive space, it is complicated by sepsis and thrombophlebitis of the jugular vein.
  • Infectious and toxic shock.
  • Glomerulonephritis - inflammation of the glomeruli.
  • Rheumatism.
  • Streptococcal meningitis.

Follicular sore throat and pregnancy

During pregnancy, a woman’s immunity is slightly reduced, it is much easier for her to get sick than any other person. The danger of follicular angina during pregnancy is as follows:

  1. The lack of temperature increase at the onset of the disease due to the fact that all the forces of immunity are aimed at protecting the baby. As a result, the temperature can jump to 40 degrees very sharply, which will negatively affect the health of the woman.
  2. With follicular sore throat, fetal hypoxia is possible - with increasing temperature in the mother, the child gets oxygen starvation.
  3. Not only a sore throat, but any other disease adversely affects the health of the child. Expectant mother can not drink all the drugs, like all other people. Therefore, the treatment is more difficult and longer.

To treat follicular sore throat during pregnancy should only be a doctor, to exclude complications and side effects - self-treatment is unacceptable.

Preventive measures

For the prevention of follicular angina should observe precautions. In cold weather, it is warmer to dress and play sports. If the family has the sick, then they must have separate household items, dishes.

It is necessary to treat all chronic diseases. Be sure to periodically drink vitamin complexes, and sleep should be complete.

Follicular sore throat - the disease is unpleasant, but with timely treatment from it, you can get rid of it completely and without consequences.


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