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Pharyngitis in adults: symptoms, photo, effective treatment

Pharyngitis in adults is not always the result of infection and is not necessarily transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person. Large role in the occurrence, especially of the chronic form, is played by external irritating factors.

Not paying attention to your own health in case of pharyngitis can turn into quite serious problems requiring long-term therapy. In order for the treatment of pharyngitis in adults to be effective, it is necessary to know what it is, the symptoms and the cause of the inflammation of the throat.


Pharyngitis: what is it and what are its causes?

Pharyngitis in adults

Pharyngitis is an inflammatory process in the pharynx that is acute or chronic. Local signs of pharyngitis are detected by inspection of the posterior pharyngeal wall.

This is a rather unpleasant disease, the main symptom of which is constant sore throat and a desire to cough, can provoke insomnia and discomfort while in society (work, lectures in educational institutions, watching a movie in the cinema, etc.).

However, not only this is annoying pharyngitis. The disease can cause quite serious complications that spread to other organs and systems.

Pharyngitis is often associated with seasonal colds (ARI, flu), but not only pathogenic microorganisms can cause this disease.

The main causes of pharyngitis in adults:

  • infection - bacteria (streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci), viruses (influenza, adenovirus), Candida fungus, chlamydia;
  • childhood infections (in the absence of specific immunity in an adult) - whooping cough, scarlet fever, measles;
  • inflammatory foci in the adjacent tissues - sinusitis, caries, rhinitis (provokes pharyngitis frequent use of vasoconstrictor drops), tonsillitis and nasal septum deviation (difficulty in nasal breathing);
  • temperature drops - general hypothermia, the use of very cold / hot food;
  • unhealthy habits - alcohol, alcohol;
  • external influence - voice overstrain (singers, lecturers), inhalation of dust, smoke, air, chemicals;
  • gastrointestinal tract diseases - hernia of the esophagus, reflux esophagitis;
  • endocrine abnormalities - diabetes mellitus , hypothyroidism, menopause ;
  • tonsillectomy - removal of tonsils leads to unobstructed multiplication of bacteria on the pharyngeal mucosa;
  • reduced immunity against the background of chronic infections, stress, vitamin deficiency.

Acute and chronic pharyngitis, photo

Acute and chronic pharyngitis

Chronic and acute form, photo

There are acute and chronic forms of the disease of the pharynx. Acute pharyngitis in adults occurs a few hours or days after exposure to a provoking factor (hypothermia, inhalation of irritants, etc.).

At the same time, there are bright signs of inflammation on the mucous membrane of the posterior pharyngeal wall: redness, swelling, appearance of tuberosity, and bloom. The acute course has more pronounced symptoms and, if properly treated, can be easily eliminated without aggravating consequences (see photo).

In chronic pharyngitis, periodically occurring exacerbations are diagnosed. This form is the result of improper treatment of acute pharyngitis or the result of prolonged exposure to irritant effects.

At the same time, more changes occur in the pharyngeal mucosa: atrophy, the formation of granulomas. It is in chronic pharyngitis that complications are most often observed.

Is pharyngitis dangerous in adults?

Pharyngitis is not as harmless as most people believe. The disease is fraught with:

  • process chronization;
  • conjunctivitis, otitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia;
  • peritonsillar abscess (with streptococcal infection);
  • rheumatism of the joints;
  • glomerulonephritis.

With the correct and timely treatment of the disease, complications are practically excluded.

Symptoms of pharyngitis in adults, photo

Photo symptoms of pharyngitis

Photographic symptoms of pharyngitis

In acute pharyngitis, a person notes the sudden appearance of severe tickling in the throat, there is a sharp pain when swallowing or talking, and a painful cough without sputum discharge. The more a person coughs, the more irritated the sore mucous will be.

A characteristic symptom of pharyngitis in adults is an “empty sip”: a person constantly swallows because of the accumulation of mucus in the throat. Sore throat with pharyngitis may radiate to the ear, there is a feeling of congestion in one / both ears.

At the same time, a reddish tuberosity and small ulcerations on the posterior pharyngeal wall appear, which is easy to see on your own when viewed from the throat in the mirror.

symptoms of chronic pharyngitis, photo in adults

symptoms of chronic pharyngitis, photo in adults

When local symptoms often begin to suffer and general well-being: the temperature rises to 37.5 º C (sometimes higher), there is malaise. The submandibular lymph nodes are often enlarged.

In case of an infectious lesion, specific symptoms are fixed: difficulty breathing, skin rashes, intoxication.

Symptoms of chronic pharyngitis during exacerbations accurately repeat the clinic of the acute process. During remission, dry throat (feeling of a lump in the throat) and almost constant cough come to the fore.

The general state of health during chronic inflammation in the pharynx practically does not suffer.

Pharyngitis during pregnancy

Since the female body is more vulnerable during gestation, pharyngitis during this period quickly spreads to the larynx, bronchi and lungs. Treatment of these diseases in pregnant women is quite complicated due to the undesirable effects of antibiotics on the growing fetus.

Pharyngitis can cause fetal hypoxia, developmental delay and even the threat of miscarriage, especially with a long unproductive cough and hypertonia of the uterus.

That is why the expectant mother should avoid crowded places during flu epidemics, carefully monitor her health and consult a doctor at the first manifestations of inflammation. Before medical advice, a pregnant woman can take Faringosept.

Treatment of pharyngitis in adults

Treatment of pharyngitis in adults

An antibiotic for pharyngitis is most often impractical, since 70% of cases of the disease are provoked by a virus attack. Do not rely on advertised cough drops.

Some of them (for example, Travisil, with sage, licorice) consist of medicinal herbs, others (Strepsils, Faringosept) have antiseptic in their composition.

Both those and others act only as a symptomatic remedy to reduce pain, and at best only prevent the spread of the infection, but do not cure it.

Comprehensive treatment of pharyngitis in adults implies:


The exclusion of hot / cold food, spicy and sour, alcoholic, carbonated drinks. The menu consists of cereals, vegetable purees, soups.

Soothing milk with honey and butter has a softening effect (for 1 tbsp of milk 1 tbsp of each ingredient), warm tea with raspberry jam.

Regime events

For the period of high temperature - being in bed. Silence mode - temporarily minimize conversations, stop screaming and singing.

Excellent help hot foot bath. Eliminate even passive smoking. During the heating season, to solve the problem of air humidification, be sure to air.

Gargles and inhalations

Chlorhexidine, iodinol, calendula decoction, chamomile, propolis tincture, essential oils, soda solution (1 tsp. Per cup of water) are used for rinsing and inhalation. Gargling with pharyngitis should be every 3-4 hours, start immediately from the onset of the disease.

Effective oral sprays Ingalipt (consisting of sulfonamide and essential oils), Hexasprey, Tantum Verde (as part of NSAIDs), Bioparox (contains an antibiotic).

Immunomodulators and vitamins

With pharyngitis increased need for vit. C. Herbal immunomodulators are also used (Eleutherococcus, Chinese Schizandra). Effective Lizobakt, other drugs with interferon.

Etiotropic therapy

Depending on the causal infection, antiviral drugs are prescribed (effective for the first 3 days), antibiotics (with a combination of pharyngitis and tonsillitis), antifungal agents.

Symptomatic treatment of pharyngitis

Suppose taking antihistamines (reduce swelling, use sedative effect for insomnia), cough drops with plantain.

Main about the symptoms and treatment of pharyngitis

  1. Bacterial pharyngitis is characterized by the presence of purulent foci on the back of the pharynx (yellowish-green plaque, unpleasant smell from the mouth).
  2. With fungal pharyngitis, ulcers with white bloom are detected in the pharynx. Taking antibiotics only exacerbates the clinical picture.
  3. Pharyngitis is distinguished from tonsillitis by a large area of ​​inflammation.
  4. With constant dryness in the throat, it is necessary to exclude diabetes mellitus and thyroid pathology.
  5. Thinning and "glazing" of the mucous indicates chronic pharyngitis and the development of mucosal atrophy.
  6. Home treatment is permissible only with mild disease and the absence of severe intoxication. Lack of effect within 2-3 days or worsening of symptoms require consultation with an ENT doctor.
  7. The main factor in successful treatment is the exclusion of irritating effects (diet, air hygiene, elimination of gastrointestinal tract pathology, treatment of caries).
  8. Antimicrobial, antiviral treatment is prescribed only by a qualified technician.
  9. Treatment of chronic pharyngitis in adults is most effective when combined with drug therapy, physiotherapy (medicinal electrophoresis, UVR), and immunostimulation.

Pharyngitis in ICD 10

In the international classification of diseases (ICD10) pharyngitis is in the section:

Class X - Diseases of the respiratory system, code J00 - J99

J00-J06 - Acute respiratory infections of the upper respiratory tract

J02 - Acute pharyngitis

  • J02.0 - Streptococcal pharyngitis
  • J02.8 - Acute pharyngitis caused by other specified pathogens
  • J02.9 - Acute pharyngitis, unspecified

J30-J39 - Other upper respiratory tract diseases

J31 - Chronic rhinitis, nasopharyngitis and pharyngitis

  • J31.1 - Chronic nasopharyngitis
  • J31.2 - Chronic pharyngitis

2017-01-09 14:25:59
For pharyngitis, Isla Mint pastilles and gargling with calendula decoction are good. Lozenges reduce inflammation and eliminate discomfort in the throat.
2017-03-07 09:53:08
I rinse with pharyngitis soda with a drop of iodine, and then another antibacterial therapy in the form of trachisan. I always sow some kind of filth from the throat, and the pills are good help.
Eva Troneva
2018-02-21 05:33:55

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