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Vaginal dysbacteriosis: symptoms and treatment, prevention measures

The vagina is an important organ of the female reproductive system, which contains many types of bacteria that make up the normal microflora. Violation of its qualitative composition leads to the development of inflammatory processes, abnormal secretion and pain.

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Vaginal dysbacteriosis, what is it?

Vaginal microflora dysbiosis is a disease in which the number of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms exceeds the norm, causing discomfort and other pathological symptoms leading to dangerous complications.

Most women faced this problem at least once in their lives. Sometimes the disease is asymptomatic, and sometimes causes serious problems.

Vaginal dysbacteriosis

Vaginal microflora is very sensitive to changes in hormonal levels, nutrition and living conditions. Therefore, the causes of dysbiosis are many:

  • Bowel disease. Since the genital organs are located near the rectal orifice, with improper care of this area, pathogenic bacteria penetrate the mucous membrane and cause inflammation;
  • Hypothermia - permanent or random, equally leads to the activation of pathogenic bacteria;
  • Changes in hormonal levels - abortion, menopause , pregnancy, lack of regular sexual life;
  • Functional disorders of the thyroid gland;
  • Diabetes mellitus ;
  • Changing weather conditions;
  • Constant nerve shocks and stresses;
  • Antibiotics;
  • Sexually transmitted diseases;
  • Using tampons and pads for longer than the prescribed time.

These are the main reasons, but there are other, individual, risk factors. For example, the wrong selection of contraceptives or excessive enthusiasm syringing. This disrupts the normal composition of microflora and leads to dysbacteriosis.

Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis

Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis

Often there are no signs of vaginal dysbiosis - the woman is not bothered by the changes in the microflora. But in most cases there are certain symptoms that make it possible to suspect the disease, they are as follows:

  1. Increased vaginal discharge. Normally, the amount is minimal and they are transparent in color - with dysbacteriosis, secretions are yellowish-white or with a greenish tinge and an unpleasant odor.
  2. Dryness, itching in the vagina.
  3. In a neglected state of dysbacteriosis, a woman may experience painful sensations in the lower abdomen , cystitis, colpitis, inflammation of the ovaries and uterus can develop.

To make a diagnosis of the disease, some signs are not enough; a woman needs to be tested for dysbacteriosis. Doctors prescribe the following studies:

  • Bakposev;
  • PCR analysis;
  • Microbiology smear test.

Based on the results, the specialist will make the most accurate diagnosis.

Treatment of vaginal dysbiosis

Medical assistance is provided on the basis of the received tests. Sometimes the treatment of dysbacteriosis causes certain difficulties, it depends on the cause and results of tests.

The therapeutic regimen consists of the following steps:

  1. Stop the reproduction of harmful bacteria.
  2. Populate the flora with good bacteria.
  3. Improve the immunity of women to prevent recurrence.

Antibiotics for vaginal dysbacteriosis are prescribed if pathogenic bacteria that cause infectious diseases predominate in a smear: cocci, mycoplasma, trichomonads . Otherwise, you can further aggravate the situation.

In the absence of infectious diseases, doctors advise using local remedies and douching.

The treatment of vaginal dysbacteriosis depends on its symptoms, often such drugs as chlorhexidine, miramistin, suppositories with antimicrobial effect are prescribed to eliminate pathogens. In addition, the use of traditional medicine is possible. However, it is worth remembering that they can be used only after consulting with your doctor.

After the restoration of microflora, experts advise to stick to a specific diet and take drugs that restore the immune system. As a rule, the treatment period is three weeks.

Complications

If you do not pay attention to the disease, then innocuous inflammation can lead to serious problems:

  • Vaginal or cervical inflammation may occur;
  • Endometritis may develop as a result of the spread of infection, and, as a result, adnexitis ;
  • The infection will eventually spread to the bladder and will cause cystitis, urethritis.

Dysbacteriosis and pregnancy

Dysbacteriosis and pregnancy Vaginal dysbacteriosis during pregnancy occurs quite often - a woman's hormones change, which provokes the development of changes in the composition of the microflora. At this time, the discharge may increase, itching and dryness appear.

A complete treatment of a pregnant woman’s vaginal dysbacteriosis is impossible, since the administration of antibiotics and immunomodulators during this period is extremely undesirable. Therefore, treatment is temporarily reduced to the elimination of symptoms.

Local funds can be used only if it does not harm the woman and baby.

Prevention of vaginal dysbiosis

In order for dysbacteriosis not to become a frequent guest, you should follow some recommendations:

  1. Do not forget about the hygiene of the genitals;
  2. Avoid hypothermia;
  3. Use antibacterial drugs as little as possible;
  4. Lingerie is better to choose from natural fabrics;
  5. Use condoms;
  6. Adhere to a balanced diet;
  7. Select pads and tampons that do not cause allergic reactions.

These are the main preventive measures that will help prevent the development of dysbiosis.

Vaginal dysbiosis can occur in any woman due to individual causes. However, subject to all prescriptions of a doctor, this disease is not difficult to treat. If any suspicious symptoms appear, you should immediately contact a specialist.

Do not self-medicate to prevent complications. The partner is not transmitted the disease, so he does not need to undergo a course of treatment. Do not forget about vitamin complexes and immunomodulatory drugs, they strengthen the immune system, which will help the body to resist the development of the disease. And most importantly - do not give up and continue treatment.

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