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Diet table 1 - menu, features, permitted foods

The celebrated and famous Soviet therapist M. I. Pevzner (1872 - 1952), who was the founder of modern clinical gastroenterology and dietetics, developed a nutrition system (15 medical diets by groups of diseases) focused on the pathological processes occurring in the human body.

Each of the diets has the name "table" with an assigned number from 1 to 15 and provides individuality of the diet for patients with different pathologies.

Modern studies with accuracy suggest that between the regime and diet and the course of all diseases there is a direct relationship. Compliance with the diet recommended by each diet is the basis of recovery from gastrointestinal diseases, excretory, cardiovascular and other systems of the human body. Next, we consider the features and detailed menu of the diet "1 table", what can and cannot be eaten in this context.

Content

About the medical diet "1 table"

Diet table 1

The gentle therapeutic diet “table number 1” is traditionally prescribed to patients with a diagnosis of peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer in the stage of subsidence / extinction (shown from six months to a year after an attack).

In some clinical situations, the attending gastroenterologist and / or nutritionist designate compliance with this diet and at the time of exacerbation of chronic gastritis with increased secretion of gastric juice. It is advisable to use table No. 1 for infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (if diarrhea is absent), as well as for a hernia of the diaphragmatic food hole.

Adherence to the therapeutic diet prescribed by the medical diet “Table No. 1” brings significant relief from gastric pathologies, both during exacerbation and during periods of remission / recovery, since it aims to reduce the irritant effect on the damaged walls of the duodenum and stomach.

Diet is divided into table number 1a and table number 1b, depending on the processes. Diet for gastric ulcer table 1 classic is similar
diet for gastritis and prescribed after successive passage of the diet number 1a and number 1b.

Fundamental rules

The menu provides for the reduction of mechanical, chemical and thermal stress on the gastrointestinal tract. This diet helps to intensify the processes of regeneration and healing of existing ulcers and erosions, reduce the acute inflammatory processes and lead to normal secretion and motor function of the stomach.

The basic principles of the diet "Table number 1":

  • the time of following a medical diet is prescribed by a doctor (6-12 months or more);
  • the amount of servings is moderate;
  • fractional nutrition (five, six, seven, half);
  • the temperature of the served dishes is neutral (both ice and hot food is unacceptable);
  • products that activate the secretion of gel. juice, in the diet is limited;
  • daily menu calories from 2300 to 2800 kcal;
  • water-drinking mode - 1.6 l / day;
  • culinary heat treatment of products - cooking, steaming, rubbing before use, some of the following dishes are allowed in the baked form.

What can and can not eat?

What you can and what not to eat

Allowed foods to eat:

постное диетическое мясо (кролик, индейка, курица, телятина), рыба, печень, язык в виде протертых изделий, блюд из фарша, паровых битков, яйца (не более 2 шт. в сутки). Protein food: lean dietary meat (rabbit, turkey, chicken, veal), fish, liver, tongue in the form of pureed products, minced meat dishes, steam cue balls, eggs (no more than 2 pcs. Per day).

овощи (корнеплоды – картофель, свекла, морковь, а также цветная капуста, брокколи, тыква, кабачки) в отварном или паровом виде (пюре, пудинг, суфле), фрукты мягкие (яблоки печеные, сливы, спелые сочные груши, абрикос, персик, банан), злаки (овсяные хлопья, манка, рис, гречиха), вермишель/лапша/макароны, подсушенный белый хлеб, сухари, галетное печенье. Carbohydrate foods: vegetables (root vegetables - potatoes, beets, carrots, as well as cauliflower, broccoli, pumpkin, zucchini) boiled or steamed (mashed potatoes, pudding, souffle), soft fruits (baked apples, plums, ripe juicy pears, apricot , peach, banana), cereals (oatmeal, semolina, rice, buckwheat), vermicelli / noodles / pasta, dried white bread, crackers, biscuits.

сливочное несоленое масло, растительные елеи (добавлять только в готовые блюда, не используя в процессе термическо-кулинарной обработки продуктов). Fatty food: creamy unsalted butter, vegetable oils (add only to ready meals, without using products during the heat-cooking process).

порошковое и цельное молоко, сгущенка, протертый слабожирный некислый творог, ацидофилин, простокваша, кефир, йогурт натуральный, сливки, неострый сыр. Dairy products: powdered and whole milk, condensed milk, grated low-fat non-acid cottage cheese, acidophilin, yogurt, kefir, natural yogurt, cream, mild cheese.

As a dessert treat, it is recommended to prepare mashed potatoes, mousses, jellies, compotes, jelly dishes using soft and sweet varieties of berries and fruits, as well as adding baked fruits, sugar, marshmallow, marshmallow, marmalade to the menu.

соки из разрешенных плодов – овощей, сладких фруктов и ягод, отвар и настой шиповника, зеленый чай, травяные напитки. Drinks: juices from permitted fruits - vegetables, sweet fruits and berries, decoction and rosehip infusion, green tea, herbal drinks.

употреблять при диете стол 1: What should not be used in the diet table 1:

  • all broths / broths;
  • fatty fish, caviar and meat;
  • mushrooms;
  • cereals (millet, barley, wheat, barley);
  • margarine;
  • all canned, salty, fatty, sour, pickled, smoked food, as well as cooked by frying;
  • Dishes from puff pastry and puff pastry (pies, pies, etc.);
  • black / rye / fresh baked bread;
  • cocoa beans, ice cream;
  • fresh fruit in non-grated condition;
  • vegetables (cruciferous, in particular white cabbage, radish, radish, turnip, and sour greens - sorrel, spinach, all onion root crops and cucumbers);
  • energy drinks and carbonated (mineral water, lemonade, kvass, including home-made);
  • alcohol;
  • coffee and black tea;
  • mayonnaise, ketchup and all other sauces (the only exception is milk or cream sauce);
  • other products not listed in the allowed list.

Features diet 1a and 1b

Diet medical table number 1a is administered in the first two weeks of the crisis phase of peptic ulcer, with an attack of acute gastritis, exacerbation of gastritis (neutral and increased acidity of the juice secreted in the stomach), gastroduodenitis.

Diet is also prescribed for burns of the esophagus of various etiologies and a week after operations performed on the stomach, for example, during ulcer perforation.

Energy value of the diet is about 1850 kcal. All dishes are served in a liquid or puree-like consistency from boiled or steamed foods 6-7 times a day.

Diet medical table number 1b is administered after a two-week observance of food on the table number 1a. Indications - peptic ulcer, gastritis, exacerbation of gastritis with high acidity. Energy value rises to 2600 kcal, the frequency of food is reduced to 5-6 times a day.

Further, according to the doctor's prescription, the transition to the 1st table (main) diet is carried out. Permitted and unacceptable foods are the same for both types of diets and comply with the principles common to "Table No. 1".

Example menu diet table number 1 (table)

When assigning a patient a table of 1 diet menu for the week is made taking into account the recommended and contraindicated products, methods of cooking, as well as the above basic principles.

Sample menu for one day (table number 1) in the table

Option 1
Breakfast 1-2 eggs steam omelet on milk or water, cottage cheese, flavored with honey, green tea
Snack apricot-peach puree
Dinner Classic vegetable soup (potatoes + carrots + leek + cauliflower + salt + cream + greens), steamed fish meatballs with grated rice, dried fruit compote (pears + prunes)
Afternoon tea baked apple stuffed with honey and strawberries
Dinner milk soup with strawberries and oatmeal flakes, carrot-apple roll with yogurt
For the night a glass of boiled whole milk
Option 2
Breakfast rice porridge on milk with prunes (add a teaspoon of butter), rubbed egg, boiled soft-boiled rice, kefir
Snack banana mousse
Dinner salad of boiled carrots and beets, seasoned with sunflower oil, potato soup with oatmeal flakes or semolina, steam chicken fillet, compote
Afternoon tea cottage cheese casserole with raisins
Dinner boiled fish with cauliflower puree, kefir
For the night a glass of yogurt

Doctors warn - drug treatment of pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract without dieting is ineffective. According to reviews of patients on the table number 1, this power system helps to cope with painful signs and manifestations, especially with a diet for a long period of time - more than a year. Be healthy!

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