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Diet table 15: the menu that can and can not be, features and indications

Unlike dietary tables 1 through 14, developed by M. I. Pevzner for the treatment and prevention of certain acute and chronic diseases, diet number 15 is a healthy, fully balanced diet and satisfying all the physiological needs of children and adults.

It is not recommended to apply this type of menu only to patients with problems in the work of the gastrointestinal organs.

Most often, doctors recommend sticking to this diet during the period of stable remission of chronic pathologies, as a transitional phase between restrictive diets and the usual food system that has been habitual since childhood. It is advisable to apply table 15 in the conditions of sanatorium and inpatient treatment for patients who do not require strict nutritional restrictions on health indicators.

Diet 15 table Dietary diet is designed for 3-6 weeks and is appointed in the recovery period after exhaustion. At the request or recommendation of the doctor, it is possible to take balanced vitamin-mineral complexes, bran, herbal infusions, fiber, brewer's yeast and other dietary supplements.

It is shown diet number 15 after infectious diseases, surgery, depression, neurosis, and other ailments, after which the body needs to recover.

To increase the activity of the immune system, a variety of foods rich in dietary fiber, pectin compounds, vitamins, micro and macro elements, organic acids, antioxidants and other biologically active substances are included in the diet of table 15.

Content

The basic principles and composition of the diet table number 15

The balanced menu includes up to 400 grams of carbohydrates, up to 100 grams of protein compounds, up to 90 grams of lipids. The energy value of the daily ration varies from 2,750 to 2,900 kcal. Meals should be 4-5 meals a day, the average serving size between normal meals and dishes in the menu of strict restrictive diets (table 1-14).

Diet table 15 for children is similar to adult nutrition. Since there are no strict rules in the organization of food ration in the diet at number 15, you should follow the basic principles of healthy eating, known since childhood:

  • The energy value of the dinner should be about 15% of the daily ration, and lunch - up to 35% (the remaining amount of food is for breakfast, lunch and afternoon tea in an approximately equal ratio);
  • Eating fresh fruits (fruits, berries, vegetables and salads from them, leafy greens) must be at least twice a day;
  • Late meal is not welcome, dinner is prescribed at least 2 hours before bedtime;
  • Dairy products with a high content of lipids (cottage cheese, milk cream, sour cream) should be limited and used in the process of cooking;
  • The daily standard of salt, taking into account the available sodium chloride in most products, does not exceed 15 grams;
  • Drinking regime is normal (doctors recommend drinking at least 8 glasses of free liquid a day, that is, drinking water);
  • It is advisable to cook all dishes before serving;
  • Only one heating of food stored in the refrigerator is allowed;
  • The use of stale and expired products, as well as having a suspicious appearance and smell is unacceptable.

Diet 15 table - what can I eat?

Diet 15 table - what can that can not

достаточно велик: The list of allowed products is quite large:

  • lean meat, poultry, fish;
  • dairy products, fermented milk drinks;
  • quail, goose, chicken eggs (no more than 2 pieces / day);
  • all vegetables, including legumes, garden greens, fruits, berries, frozen, dried, fresh, and after any cooking;
  • all cereals, pasta (limited), bread (preferably daily, bran, with fiber, whole grain);
  • non-roasted nuts, seeds;
  • desserts (jellies, mousses, marshmallow, marshmallows, jam, jam, natural honey);
  • up to 20 g / day bitter chocolate;
  • milky, creamy, homemade tomato sauce, not sharp adjika;
  • apple vinegar for salad dressing;
  • butter and vegetable oil;
  • sugar (no more than 2 h. spoons / day);
  • non-carbonated mineral water, teas, herbal drinks, decoction of sea-buckthorn fruit and rosehip, infusion of ginger root, chicory, weak milk coffee, jelly, compotes.

What can not eat in the diet number 15?

Table 15 is a loose diet with few restrictions. You will have to give up heavy, harmful, rich in synthetic additives, hard-to-digest, over-spicy, spicy and smoked food. The number of products subjected to roasting, and sausages, it is desirable to minimize.

The ban also fatty meats and poultry - fat, lamb, pork, goose, brisket, duck. Peel from bird carcasses must be removed.

To reduce the load on the digestive organs, one should refuse to use barbecues and grilled meat during the recovery period of the body. Junk food also includes all types of store sauces (mayonnaise, ketchup, chili, etc.), margarine and all the dishes in the recipe of which it is present, cooking oils of animal origin.

To reduce the toxic load on the gastrointestinal tract and the whole body, it is unacceptable to include in the healthy menu of convenience foods, fast food, packaged juices, carbonated mineral water, energy drinks, lemonades and cold drinks, chips, salted nuts, crackers with the addition of monosodium glutamate and other junk food.

Exclude from the menu seasonings and spices, especially horseradish, mustard, hot and bitter pepper, table vinegar. Alcoholic drinks, large doses of coffee, cream confectionery, an abundance of cocoa and chocolate are removed for the duration of the diet. As you can see, there are a lot of products, for convenience, you can create a table (which you can and cannot) and use when preparing the menu for the week or day.

Table 15 diet - menu for the week (example)

Approximate daily diet, based on which you can make the most varied diet:

  • Breakfast: porridge from oatmeal on milk with the addition of unsalted butter to the finished portion of the teaspoon, whole grain bread with a slice of suluguni cheese, boiled egg, chicory drink.
  • Lunch: 200 grams of watermelon pulp or a handful of dried fruit with nuts for a snack, mate tea with lime.
  • Lunch: Ukrainian borscht cooked on a low-fat beef broth, boiled meat with stewed cabbage, a salad of tomatoes, sweet peppers, green onion feathers, greens and cucumbers, seasoned with lemon juice and soybean oil, berry jelly.
  • Lunch: a glass of fresh apple-carrot juice, galette cookies.
  • Dinner: salmon baked in foil, vinaigrette, vegetable ragout, cottage cheese casserole with milk sauce, dogrose infusion with honey.
  • At bedtime: warm milk with honey (to improve the quality of sleep) or a glass of yogurt with probiotics.

Competently made healthy diet is useful even for people who do not have chronic diseases. Periodically adhering to the diet number 15, you can maintain the state of all organs and systems ideally.

The menu of table 15 helps to cleanse the body of accumulated toxins and slags, helps to remove metabolites, normalize the work of the intestines and the entire gastrointestinal tract, improves immunity.

In general, after dietary nutrition, there is a general improvement of the body, an increase in working capacity, the elimination of minor system malfunctions.

It is advisable to stick to this diet for those who got rid of extra pounds and wants to keep the body in great shape. The combination of a balanced diet with regular walks, visiting the bath, playing sports and taking healthy dietary supplements is the way to improve the quality of life and active longevity!

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