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Diet for heartburn - menu, proper nutrition, what can and can not be eaten

Discomfort in the epigastric region, burning in the esophagus, belching, unpleasant nausea, the appearance of acidic aftertaste in the mouth is called heartburn. It is not an independent pathology, but appears as a result of malnutrition, overeating and as a sign of diseases of the digestive system (ulcer, gastritis with high acidity, cholecystitis, hepatitis, cholelithiasis, etc.) or cardiovascular system.

Chronic attacks of heartburn provoke the formation of scar tissue in the esophagus, which is fraught with a painful degeneration into oncology.

Very often, women suffer from heartburn during the gestation period. It appears due to excessive pressure on the walls of the stomach and involuntary and unplanned throws of gastric (hydrochloric) acid into the esophagus.

Heartburn is a frequent companion of people who are overweight, eating irregularly, large portions, low-quality food. If this problem occurs regularly, it is recommended to have a checkup with a gastroenterologist, therapist and cardiologist to determine the cause and purpose of adequate medication.

Content

Proper nutrition for heartburn

Proper nutrition for heartburn

The basis of therapy for heartburn is always properly formulated diet. To eliminate problems with the gastrointestinal tract, you should arrange 5-6 single meals a day, preferably at the same time of day to develop positive digestive habits. According to experienced dieticians, adherence to the diet is the basis for recovery and elimination of unpleasant burning symptoms after eating.

The temperature of the dishes served should be within 30-40 ° C to eliminate the irritant effect on the mucous membrane (prevention of thermal damage).

Exceptions to the diet include coarse, fried (including barbecue and grill), salted, smoked, spicy, pickled, canned, spicy food, provoking abnormal casting of gastric juice into the esophagus and the appearance of heartburn (prevention of mechanical and chemical damage).

When preparing an approximate menu for a week, the nutritionist necessarily takes into account not only the general principles of the diet (which can and can not be), but also the accompanying chronic diseases and the individual characteristics of each patient.

What can you eat with heartburn?

Diet for heartburn necessarily includes lean meats and poultry (veal, rabbit, turkey, chicken breasts, quail meat), fish, fruits with low organic acids, whole grains and corn bread, pasta, allowed cereals (rice, oats, buckwheat, manga, corn croup), non-acid varieties of dairy products, vegetable oils (corn, pumpkin, grape seed, nut, soybean, linseed, sunflower), unsalted butter.

From vegetables it is useful to eat pumpkin cultures, cauliflower, beetroot, leafy greens, asparagus beans, broccoli, and potatoes. Eggs are allowed in the form of steam and protein omelets, as well as cooked.

Desserts for heartburn should be tender and low-fat. The best is suitable for pastilles, natural marmalade, marshmallow, bee honey, bananas, sweet varieties of apples. From drinks it is preferable to use green weak tea, herbal infusions, fresh juices from non-acid fruits, kissels, compotes.

The least irritated mucous of the esophagus and stomach are mashed, mucous cream soups, products from twisted meat of permitted varieties and fish (knels, soufflé, steam cutlets, meatballs, meatballs), steam dishes, protein omelettes, cereal puddings, mousses, kissels. Bread is allowed to use only white varieties, slightly dried or diurnal.

What is impossible with heartburn?

What is not possible with heartburn

A number of products are categorically excluded from the diet, regardless of the existing chronic pathologies. To forbidden for heartburn products include:

  • alcohol, including beer;
  • caffeine containing drinks, including energy, Coca-Cola, Pepsi-Cola;
  • cocoa, including chocolate;
  • fast food, including chips, salted nuts, crackers, hamburgers, hot dogs, etc .;
  • the skin of birds;
  • root crops with bitterness (horseradish, radish, radish);
  • vegetables and fruits, provoking bubbling and increased formation of gases (garlic, white cabbage, cherry, beans, lentils, dried peas);
  • yeast;
  • Forest mushrooms;
  • beverages and products with mint and lemon balm, for example, tea, mint and menthol chewing gum;
  • lard (fresh and fried);
  • vinegar, spices;
  • margarine and pastry based on it, culinary fat;
  • food rich in trans fats (cream cakes, cakes);
  • citrus fruits;
  • cranberry and drinks based on it (fruit drinks, juices);
  • tomatoes, ketchups, sauces and tomato juice;
  • pearl barley;
  • lactic acid products with a high acid content, for example, natural yoghurt, sour kefir, fermented cheeses;
  • ice cream;
  • fatty sour cream and cream;
  • kvass, any carbonated drinks;
  • sour berries, vegetables and fruits (spinach, sorrel, strawberry, currant, viburnum);
  • sauerkraut;
  • fatty broth;
  • fatty meat.

Menu for diarrhea for heartburn

Menu for diarrhea for heartburn

Despite the impressive list of prohibited products for heartburn, to make a delicious and nutritious diet for each day will not be difficult. All products should be boiled, stewed, steamed or baked in the oven.

  • Immediately after awakening: a glass of drinking water.
  • Breakfast: porridge from oatmeal on water (cook for at least 40 minutes) with 10 grams of butter unsalted butter, protein omelet, slice of whole grain bread, a drink of chicory with milk.
  • Snack: banana-pear puree, rice pudding.
  • Lunch: potato soup with carrots and zucchini, salad of cucumbers and sweet pepper with basil and parsley, seasoned with soybean oil, steamed cutlets from turkey fillet, jelly crimson.
  • Afternoon snack: 100 gr low-fat cottage cheese and biscuit biscuits.
  • Supper: stewed in milk cauliflower, boiled fillet of pollock, marshmallow, tea with milk.
  • Before going to bed: a glass of chamomile tea with honey forest.

Tips for heartburn

Traditional medicine strongly recommends, with frequent heartburn, to systematically drink goat's milk. Help to get rid of the burning problem in the epigastric region, biologically active food additives based on artichoke, infusion of an ordinary centaur (10 g of dry raw materials per cup of boiling water, insist for 3 hours, take 15 ml three times a day for 30 minutes before the main meals), herbal decoctions of elm and gentian, fresh potato juice, canned jam, green peas, activated charcoal.

If you often get heartburn, then you should drink at least 2 liters of clean water a day (well, spring, filtered). It is water that helps to wash off the esophageal walls of hydrochloric acid, thrown from the stomach.

Fruits and vegetables should be heat-treated (baked, boiled), since digestion of raw fruits requires higher doses of gastric juice, and its excess necessarily leads to heartburn.

Proper nutrition with heartburn is the basis for the recovery and normalization of digestive processes without medicines and tablets.

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