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Diet after removal of the gallbladder - what can not and can be eaten?

The gallbladder is a storage tank for the accumulation of bile, which, as necessary, enters the duodenum and participates in the process of splitting the food.

With the removal of the gallbladder, the possibility of accumulation of bile is absent, which leads to its constant casting into the digestive tract. In this situation, the concentration of bile and the number of enzymes decreases, and the body's ability to digest heavy, coarse, fatty food is significantly reduced.

That is why, after the operative removal of this organ - cholecystectomy - it is necessary to radically improve the diet, allowing the digestive tract to adapt and adapt to the new conditions of functioning.

Exclusion from the menu of heavy forbidden food will help to get rid of inflammatory phenomena and help complete recovery of digestion processes. Thermally processed and ground food will ensure the sparing of the digestive tract and will allow other organs to get used to the new regimen. The inclusion of the same useful, vitamin-rich products will ensure the acceleration of the adaptation process.

Content

Diet after removal of the gallbladder in the first days after surgery

Diet after removal of the gallbladder

The basic position of food is the exclusion of refractory lipids of animal origin, in particular, over-heated oil, culinary, duck, sheep's fat, pork, beef, goose fat, fat, margarine, food containing trans fats, overcooked, heavy, smoked, salted, spicy, canned dishes in the diet after removal of the gallbladder.

In the first days after the operation, the treatment table №5а is appointed with a sparing diet regimen that helps to reanimate liver function and reduce the inflammatory processes taking place in the pancreas and bile ducts. But fats of milk and vegetable origin, on the contrary, help the bile, so their presence in the diet of patients after cholecystectomy is mandatory.

All food is cooked in a steamer-multivark, boiled and scraped / wiped in a diet after removal of the gallbladder. The menu is made up from the list of allowed products. Number of meals - 5-6, small portions, the total volume of a single meal should not exceed 240-290 gr. The temperature regime of the dishes should be within 30-40 ° C.

It is forbidden to take hot and cold food, irritating the gastric mucosa, spasmodic bile ducts and aggravating the state of the digestive system.

The energy of a daily diet after cholecystectomy is about 2330 kcal. The total amount of protein compounds is 100 g, fat is 50 g, carbohydrates 260-280 g, salt - about 8 g. Drinking regime - up to 1,4-1,6 l / day.

Gastroenterologists and nutritionists strongly recommend that patients adhere to a strict diet regime by the hour. This schedule leads to stabilization of the functioning of the digestive system, which is so necessary against the background of the lack of a cholelithic organ.

It is inadmissible to use alcohol-containing liquids, including beer. Fresh fruits, which lead to activation of digestive processes, which is extremely undesirable after removal of the gallbladder, are not included in the first six months after surgery.

Eating after removing the gallbladder - what can you eat?

Nutrition after removal of the gallbladder - what you can eat

Hot dishes are made of dried soups, cream soups, mucous soups from allowed vegetables, curative groats containing lipotropic compounds (helping in digesting food), and pasta on water or a weak vegetable broth. Wheat bread in the menu should only be dried or diurnal, in the form of toast, you can use crackers from white varieties of unsweetened and baked baked goods.

Meat and fish dishes. In the diet, lean meats and poultry (beef, veal, chicken fillet and turkey, rabbit meat) and fish (hake, pollock, hoki, cod, pike, pike perch, ice, corps) are used in the form of minced meat, souffle, , rolls, casseroles with the addition of noodles and cereals. The poultry skin is to be removed.

Vegetables. It is allowed to eat potatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, Jerusalem artichoke, celery root, cauliflower, broccoli, beetroot, carrots and other forbidden fruits, necessarily after heat treatment.

Fruits and berries. Sweet fruits are served after cooking in the form of compotes, mashed potatoes, knots, jelly, jelly, soufflé, puddings, and also in baked form.

Fats. Postal oils (corn, linseed, walnut, sunflower, olive, grape seed, pumpkin seeds, sesame, soybean, etc.) and unsalted butter are added to the plate after the dish is cooked through cooking.

Cereals. Useful buckwheat, pearl barley, rice (especially brown), oats, semolina.

Dessert. Honey, jam, pastille, marshmallows, jam, jujube in extremely limited quantities.

Milk products. Kefir, ryazhenka, yogurt, acidophilus, cottage cheese with low fat content. Low fat sour cream is limited.

Eggs. The daily dose should not exceed 1 piece. It is advisable to prepare steam protein and ordinary omelets. It is allowed to add an egg during cooking.

Beverages. It is useful for infusion and decoction of rose hips, loose white, green or black tea, surrogate coffee with skimmed whole milk, chicory, soy drinks, compotes of fresh sweet and dried fruits, kissels, freshly squeezed freshly squeezed juices from allowed vegetables, sweet fruits and berries.

What you can not eat after removing the gallbladder?

Under strict taboos are the following foods:

  • mushrooms;
  • spices and seasonings: mustard, vinegar, horseradish, pepper spicy and black;
  • vegetables: onion, garlic, coriander, basil, radish, horseradish, radish, sorrel, spinach, legumes (peanuts, beans, lentils, peas and green peas), cabbage;
  • fatty milk, cream, sour cream, cheese;
  • fruits: citrus fruits, grapes, cranberries, viburnum;
  • broth: mushroom, meat, fish;
  • oily fish, poultry, meat: mackerel, herring, salmon, goose, duck, lamb, pork, beef;
  • black, rye and coarse bread, bran;
  • ice cream, cocoa, chocolate;
  • cakes, cakes, sweets, buns;
  • marinades, sauces, mayonnaise, margarine;
  • any alcoholic and carbonated drinks.

Menu diet after removal of the gallbladder for a week (approximate)

Menu diet after removal of the gallbladder for a week

The daily menu of patients with a distant gallbladder is based on general recommendations, preferably after consultation with an experienced nutritionist. To provide the body with vitamins and microelements, the diet needs to be as varied as possible, naturally, taking into account the products allowed for use.

The diet for the week is based on the following example:

  • Breakfast. Porridge buckwheat boiled with a teaspoon of home-made butter, an omelette (egg + a tablespoon of milk), steamed, a chicory drink with skim milk.
  • Snack. Pumpkin-rice pudding, herbal tea.
  • Dinner. Rice soup with vegetables, carrots and mashed potatoes, steam cutlets from turkey breast, jelly from pears.
  • Snack. Gallet-lean cookies (2 pcs.), A glass of ryazhenka (low-fat).
  • Dinner. Curd casserole, boiled hake fillet, infusion / broth of dogrose with a teaspoon of natural honey.
  • Late supper. A glass of compote or kefir.

Recommendations for a diet

The diet in the first days after the operation, the features of nutrition by day, the frequency of meals, the volume of portions and the qualitative composition of food are appointed by the attending physician. On the first day after cholecystectomy, a liquid diet consisting of not strong tea is recommended, compote of their dried fruits, diluted natural juices from non-acid fruits and berries. The amount of liquid should be consumed in small portions (up to 200 ml).

On the second day on the menu, cleaned, well-boiled mucous soups and cereals from semolina or rice cereals, oat flakes, as well as jelly, broth and rose hip infusion and diluted (1: 1) with water juices are introduced into the menu.

Beginning from 3-4 days, the patient can consume bread rolls of white varieties, chopped steam fish fillet, grated boiled dietary meat, fat-free cottage cheese, boiled porridge.

A strict sparing diet table 5a should be adhered to from one and a half to two months after the operation. Next, go to diet table 5.

Diet after the operation to remove the gallbladder allows you to restore the digestive process and helps the body cope with the emergence of a lack of body malfunction.

Interesting

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