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Diet 7 table: menu for the week, which is possible and impossible (table)

Developed in the last century by the famous dietitian M. I. Pevzner, the therapeutic diet table No. 7 was recommended for use for patients with renal problems. The main table 7 is appointed by nephrologists for chronic pathologies of the kidneys (with no signs of renal failure).

An additional ration 7a is used in cases of acute nephritis or exacerbation of pathology, and 7b is used in the attenuation of inflammatory events in the excretory organs. Also, the medical menu allows you to alleviate the condition of patients with weeping eczema , skin tuberculosis, increased tissue swelling during inflammation.

Recommended diet table 7 for pyelonephritis , nephropathy in pregnant women, acute and chronic glomerulonephritis and other similar ailments that require minimization or complete rejection of the inclusion of salt.

Content

Principles of diet number 7

Diet 7 table

The main goal of therapeutic nutrition is to reduce the load on the kidneys by reducing the intake of proteins and salt, activating diuresis, freeing the body from extractive nitrogenous substances and under-oxidized metabolites, eliminating tissue edema and normalizing blood pressure. In patients who observe kidney-friendly table 7, an excess of salts is eliminated, the blood flow and the general condition of the body are improved.

Experienced nutritionists approach the compilation of the menu individually, given the existing chronic pathologies, so some recommendations may not coincide with the textbook composition of the diet. The duration of the diet (kidney disease table 7) is prescribed by the attending physician after a full examination of the patient.

To reduce the burden on the kidneys and to cleanse this organ, the amount of salt should not exceed 6 grams / day, but only a doctor can recommend an exact rate.

The amount of free fluid in the daily diet is reduced to 1 liter, the amount of purines and proteins is minimal, carbohydrates, including complex ones, are subject to limitation.

Energy value of the diet and chemical composition (adjusted by the doctor depending on the patient's condition):

  • caloric content - from 2200 to 3000 kcal;
  • proteins - up to 20-80 g;
  • carbohydrates - up to 450 grams;
  • lipids - from 70 to 90 grams, while vegetable fats account for about 25%.

All products are prepared without salt, sodium chloride can only be added to ready-made meals, taking into account the prescribed daily intake. Meat and fish should be pre-cooked to transfer extractive compounds and excess salt to the broth.

Served steamed, boiled, baked, chopped or lightly fried without pre-breading dishes in the form of heat. The number of meals - 5-6, the portions are small.

Diet 7 table - what can and what can not be (table)

Table of allowed and prohibited products for the table 7
Permitted Products
(you can eat)
  • lean varieties of poultry, meat and fish (previously to be boiled);
  • baking without sodium chloride, including fresh and yeast (up to 250 g / day);
  • eggs (no more than 2 pieces / day);
  • dairy and dairy products with a minimum fat content, except for cheeses;
  • all banned vegetables, in which oxalic acid is present;
  • all berries and fruits in fresh, frozen or dried form;
  • low-calorie (with a minimum carbohydrate content) desserts, for example, based on fruit or dairy products (jellies, souffles, preserves, marmalade, jam, honey);
  • sugar and honey (up to 50 gr / day);
  • freshly prepared juices in dilution with drinking water (1: 1);
  • green tea, black tea (weak), carcade, mate, compotes, herbal infusions, weak coffee with milk, broth hips, chicory, water without gas with a low concentration of sodium;
  • cereals (brown rice, barley, corn porridge, oats, buckwheat, yachka, wheat);
  • solid pasta;
  • non-sharp and non-indirect sauces (homemade tomato, milk);
  • vanilla, cinnamon, apple cider vinegar (limited);
  • unsaturated fats (unsalted butter (up to 20 g), refined oil, add to ready meals or use for roasting).
Prohibited Products
(you can not eat)
  • smoked meat, including fish;
  • pickles;
  • convenience foods and fast food dishes;
  • sausages;
  • margarine;
  • spicy seasonings;
  • all types of broths;
  • mushrooms;
  • legume vegetables, sorrel, spinach, radish, radish, turnip, roots with a high concentration of ethers (celery, parsnip, parsley), onion, garlic;
  • fatty meat and fish;
  • confectionery and pastries, in the recipe of which there is baking soda, oil creams;
  • salted cheeses;
  • salt bread and pastries;
  • strong coffee and teas, products with cocoa beans (chocolate, cocoa, sweets), mineral waters with a high content of sodium chloride;
  • ice cream;
  • margarine, mayonnaise, cooking oils, salted butter, mustard, adjika;
  • any carbonated drinks;
  • alcoholic drinks and cocktails, energy.

Table 7 diet - menu for the week (example)

The diet will help make an experienced nutritionist. Independently plan the menu, taking into account the above recommendations.

Approximate daily menu.

Option number 1

  • Breakfast: pumpkin-millet porridge on milk with butter, steam omelette from 2 quail eggs, a drink from chicory root powder with sugar.
  • Lunch: baked apple with honey and cinnamon.
  • Lunch: vegetable soup on the water (cauliflower, zucchini, potatoes, carrots), a portion of pasta from durum wheat, boiled lean veal (50 g), vinaigrette without pickles, berry jelly.
  • Snack: fruit jelly, a drink from the hips.
  • Dinner: a salad of fresh cabbage and cucumbers, seasoned with linseed oil, a slice of salt-free bread and butter, cottage cheese casserole with berry sauce or strawberry jam, a glass of apple and plum juice, diluted with half clean water.
  • Late dinner: galetny cookies (2 pcs.), A glass of natural low-fat yogurt.

Option number 2

  • Breakfast: milk rice porridge with butter, a slice of unsalted bread, tea with sugar and condensed milk.
  • Lunch: fruit plum, banana and mango puree (or other fresh fruits).
  • Lunch: potato soup with broccoli and carrots, steam soufflé of pollock fillet or hake, zucchini stewed in a creamy sauce, grated boiled beets with pumpkin oil, compote of prunes and drying.
  • Lunch: cottage cheese with berries, mate tea.
  • Dinner: dumplings with cottage cheese (use flour of the second grade), poured with kefir and rosehip syrup, chamomile tea with honey.
  • Late dinner: bio sour milk (glass).

Diet therapy promotes rapid recovery of the body. By adhering to table 7, the patient in a short time normalizes the functioning of the excretory system and gets rid of edema of different origin.

If you have doubts about the possibility of introducing in the menu of certain foods, as well as methods of cooking your favorite dishes, you should consult a competent specialist.

Be always healthy!

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