• Decoding of online tests - urine, blood, general and biochemical.
  • What do bacteria and inclusions in urine analysis mean?
  • How to understand the analysis of the child?
  • Features of MRI-analysis
  • Special tests, ECG and ultrasound
  • Pregnancy rates and variance values ​​..
Explanation of analyzes

Worm in the human body: photos, types, symptoms, infection and treatment

Parasitizing worms can not exist without the host organism. Their primitive device does not imply the existence of a developed digestive system, therefore helminths consume nutritional compounds in ready form. As their "home" they choose animals, many of which are only an intermediate link.

A worm that lives in the human body goes through a difficult path before reaching the final host. In this case, infection can be realized by larvae and eggs, and helminthiasis is most often affected by children, due to their negligent attitude towards hygiene.

Content

Kinds of worms inhabiting man

Kinds of worms in humans

Scientists call over 200 species of worms that can live in the human body. Parasites come in different sizes and shapes. The largest of them exceed 10 meters in length and live up to 25 years in the intestine. But there are small worms (2-5 mm), larvae of which, with blood flow penetrate into the muscle tissue, where they remain.

In addition, some parasites target the liver, kidneys, eyes, brain and many other organs. Zoologists call 2 types of worms that can act as unwanted guests in the human body:

1. Round worms or nematodes ( ascaris , pinworm , whipworm, trichinella).

2. Flat:

  • tape or cestodes (wide ribbon, bovine and pork tapeworm);
  • trematodes or flukes (cat's fluke, schistosome).

Of course, not all worms are parasites. Many of them live in soil and water, rely only on their own strengths and do not try to penetrate into another's organism. But each of these groups has species whose representatives can significantly damage a person's life and even cause his death.

Ways of infection and spreading

photo Ascaride

photo Ascaride

Worms are not viviparous organisms. Their development is characterized by the following scheme: an egg - a larva - an adult. At the same time, certain difficulties await each stage of worms - for example, the absence of suitable conditions (temperature, humidity) or the host (intermediate, final).

Bends many individuals, but a certain number of helminths still survive and find the desired goal. So, round and tapeworms in the human body fall into 4 ways:

  1. Almentary (contaminated water, unprocessed food, contact with pets).
  2. Active (dirty hands, swimming in water).
  3. Contact (from person to person through kisses, handshakes).
  4. Transmission (through insect bites).

Most often people become infected because of non-observance of personal hygiene - for example, through the hands smeared in the ground. The fact is that in the soil often there are eggs of worms. Of course, this is not every square centimeter, but if a person puts dirty fingers in his mouth, it is likely to get helminthiasis.

In addition, a certain danger is represented by bathing in open water. Eggs of worms can be in free swimming, waiting for suitable conditions. They enter the intestines with accidental ingestion of water, but some of them penetrate through the skin, since they have very small dimensions. If there are superficial injuries (scratches, open wounds), then the probability of such an event rises many times.

pork tapestry pictures

pork tapestry pictures

Bovine and pork chain can be infected by eating an insufficiently thermally processed beef or pork. However, it is possible to get the parasite and by means of pets. Especially often it happens when kissing your favorite cats or dogs.

If pets periodically eat raw fish, then there is a risk that some of the products will be of poor quality, containing eggs or larvae of helminths. But people tend to treat pets with love - they squeeze, kiss, and allow a lot. But this behavior is fraught with the ingress of parasitic worms into the human body, for example, the cat's fluke.

In tropical countries there are such species of helminths as filarias. Their peculiarity lies in the transmission method of infection, i.e. with the help of an intermediary, whose role in this case is played by bloodsucking insects. Filarias have a long and narrow body (45 cm and 0.3 mm respectively), allowing to live even in blood vessels. And if the insect drinks the blood of a sick animal or man, then it will also pick up the smallest eggs that will be transmitted to healthy individuals with subsequent bites.

Symptoms of worms and parasites

Symptoms of worms Helminthiasis does not appear immediately. Ascarids make themselves felt 2-3 days after infection, and the incubation period of other worms can last from 2 weeks to 1.5 years.

Common signs of such diseases are intestinal disorders, but parasites are also capable of affecting the nervous, circulatory, respiratory and lymphatic systems, so the symptoms of a physician that characterize the presence of worms in the human body are:

  1. Pain in the localization of helminths.
  2. Nausea, vomiting.
  3. Flatulence.
  4. Constipation, diarrhea.
  5. Itching in the anus.
  6. Weight loss.
  7. Intoxication of the body.
  8. Headache and dizziness.
  9. Fever (temperature up to 39-40 ° C).
  10. Allergies (rash, itching, dry cough, allergic rhinitis ).
  11. Increased appetite or lack of it.
  12. Violation of the balance of minerals and sugars.
  13. Hallucinations.
  14. General fatigue, sleep disturbance.

Such an impressive list of signs of helminthiosis sometimes confuses doctors. And to correctly identify the disease, it is necessary to conduct several diagnostic activities.

More - how to find out if there are worms in a person? and important symptoms of parasite infection.

Diagnostics

A large worm in the human intestine is clearly visible on the screen of the ultrasound machine. But if the parasites are very small, it will not be easy to identify them. In this case, a method will come to the aid, such as a blood test for the products of the metabolism of worms and the presence of their eggs.

With any suspicions of helminthiasis, feces are investigated, as most worms live in the human intestine. In general, for the diagnosis, doctors resort to the following methods:

  • Stool analysis.
  • Blood test.
  • Analysis of pulmonary sputum.
  • Ultrasound.
  • X-ray examination.
  • Biopsy of tissues.
  • Endoscopy of the intestine.

How to get rid of worms in the body?

How to get rid of worms If the doctors have established the presence of helminths in the patient, then they prescribe treatment with specific drugs. Preference is given to complex therapy to combine the properties of various drugs. For example, first weakening worm medicines based on levamisole (Decaris), and after 2-3 days the patient is given a second anthelmintic (Vermox or Nemosol).

Worms-parasites in a man cease to move after using paralyzing agents, but such an action does not lead to the death of worms. Of course, the doctor makes the choice of drugs at his own discretion and in accordance with the clinical picture of the disease. The list of medications that are usually recommended for the treatment of helminthiasis is as follows:

1. Basic therapy:

  • Biltricidum (active substance - praziquantel) causes paralysis of the parasite musculature;
  • Nemosol and Wormil (albendazole) provoke deadly biochemical changes within helminths;
  • Decaris (levamisole) disrupts the process of accumulation and expenditure of energy;
  • Nemocide and Helmintox (pyrantel) have a paralyzing effect;
  • Vermox (mebendazole) disrupts cell synthesis and energy metabolism of worms.

2. Auxiliary therapy:

  • sorbents (activated carbon, Enterosgel) are required for the removal of toxic products of vital activity of helminths from the intestine;
  • symptomatic drugs (antiallergic, pain medication) are prescribed to eliminate the concomitant signs of the disease;
  • taking probiotics is necessary to restore the intestinal microflora.

Such drugs are normally tolerated by adults and children, and sometimes they are recommended for preventive purposes. However, pregnant and breastfeeding women should be treated exclusively under the supervision of a doctor.

In addition, it is very important to exclude the possibility of re-infection. With the treatment of the human body will leave worms and eggs, so bedding and underwear will have to be changed regularly. And in no case should you put your fingers in your mouth after washing your perineum!

Modern medicine offers relatively non-medicinal methods of therapy, for example, treatment based on bioresonance vibrations of living organisms.

Prevention

Of course, helminths can settle in the body of any person. If you do not give them the opportunity to get inside the digestive tract, then avoid the disease will be without any problems. For this, sometimes it is enough to follow the rules of personal hygiene, but doctors give other recommendations:

  • Wash hands with soap before eating and after visiting the streets.
  • Do not drink water from open sources.
  • Meat and fish are thermally processed (forget about steaks with blood).
  • Vegetables, fruits, berries and greens should always be washed before use.
  • Do not eat raw and light-salted fish (especially this is the rule with respect to river catch).
  • If you swim in open water, then only in those, the purity of which is beyond doubt.
  • Do not kiss dogs and cats (and regularly drive them to a veterinarian).
  • When visiting tropical countries, pay attention to protecting the skin from the bites of bloodsucking insects.

Conclusion

To pick up parasites is simple enough, but getting rid of them can be problematic. A person can get infected with worms and quite by accident, and because of the banal violation of the rules of personal and hygiene and cooking.

Today, there are many drugs and ways to treat helminthiosis, but sometimes the treatment is delayed for a long time. Be attentive to yourself and do not miss the onset of the disease - this is a sure way of quick treatment.

Interesting

The information is provided for information and reference purposes, a professional physician should prescribe a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment. Do not self-medicate. | | Contact Us | Advertising | © 2018 Medic-Attention.com - Health On-Line
Copying of materials is prohibited. Editorial site - info @ medic-attention.com