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How to care for the eyes of a newborn baby

When the baby is sick, mom is ready to do anything to save the little one from suffering. Quite often, reddened eyes are the cause of crying: a random irritation can cause an infection or even develop into conjunctivitis. How to treat infants correctly, do you need to bury his eyes or can you do with rinsing? All these questions tirelessly accompany young parents. If you don’t know how to do it right and where to start treatment, be sure to read as many different materials on the problem as possible, then it will not seem so global and frightening.

Content

How to properly care for the eyes of a newborn baby

Hygiene is an important stage in the development of any person. It is believed that initially any living organism seeks to maintain cleanliness around itself. The same can be said about the baby. In the first years of life, the body of the baby is especially vulnerable to various kinds of infections and pyogenic flora. After nine months in a comfortable and supportive environment, the child enters the outside world, which is often hostile to him.

Eyes of a newborn

It is very important to provide proper care for the eyes in the first days after birth.

Features of the structure of the eyes of a small child:

  • the weight of the baby’s eyeball is only three grams, which is two times less than the weight of an adult’s eye;
  • many babies are born with incomplete tear pathways;
  • newborn babies cry without tears;
  • during the life of the child, various protein and fat deposits are formed, which are deposited in the corners of the eye.

Care for the baby's eyes should begin immediately after birth. This will avoid some unpleasant complications and reduce the risk of infectious and inflammatory processes of the retina in the first years of life.

Why is it so important to care for the eyes of the baby

Like an adult, a baby also needs to wash every morning. While he is still too small to do this on his own, parents should daily take care of the hygiene of the child. It is recommended to perform hygiene procedures several times a day. This way you protect your baby from possible infection, and he will always feel clean.

Why is it necessary to wipe the eyes of the child:

  1. When a baby is born, most often the baby passes through the birth canal of the mother, which can be colonized by various kinds of flora. Since the baby does not yet have its own immunity, this flora begins to actively colonize the mucous membranes of various organs and cause inflammatory processes. Daily hygiene procedures are protected against possible pathogens of infectious diseases.
  2. In the lacrimal ducts during the day deposits of proteins and lipids are formed, dust particles and loose hairs and eyelashes fall there too. If regular hygienic measures are not carried out, the phenomenon of “souring” of the baby’s eye may occur.
  3. The lacrimal glands that produce a special secret that moisturizes the surface of the eyeball are not well developed in the baby. That is why the eye dries very quickly and becomes more sensitive to external influences. If not wetted with special solutions, irritation may occur.
  4. When obstruction of the tear ducts, which is often found in premature babies, unpleasant secretions can occur that negatively affect the outer shell of the eye. If you regularly carry out massage and wipe your eyes, this problem will be solved by itself.

Eye Wash Technique

Begin to observe eye hygiene from the first days of life. Pediatricians recommend flushing at least twice a day. You should not be too zealous and rub your eyes every two hours: there is a risk of irritating the delicate mucous membrane of the child.

For the procedure will need:

  • warm boiled water at room temperature;
  • four wadded disks or pieces of cotton;
  • lint-free napkins.

It is forbidden to use:

  • wet wipes with fillers and perfume;
  • alcohol-based wet wipes;
  • reusable wet cloths.

Remember: everything that comes into contact with the baby’s delicate mucous membranes should be new and clean.

Baby hygiene

Be engaged in hygienic procedures from the first days of life: you will strengthen the health of the child

Prepare for the procedure in advance. Boil and cool the water, be sure to check its temperature on the wrist: too hot liquid can cause burning of sensitive tissues. Be sure not to let dust, hair or pet hair fall into the water. If you have long sharp nails, file them in order not to injure the baby. It is recommended to perform washing in a closed room.

Eye wash

Gently wipe the baby’s face with a cotton pad, removing any excess liquid.

The sequence of the procedure:

  1. Moisten one of the cotton pads in warm water, squeeze and gently wipe the baby's closed eye, starting from the inner corner. Stop on the cilia, but do not rub or press too hard.
  2. Perform the same procedure with the second eye.
  3. Use a dry disc or lint-free wipe to remove excess moisture from the baby’s face.

All movements should be soft and smooth. If the baby is afraid of something and cries, be sure to calm him before the procedure.

How to drip into the eyes of a child

If a baby has an increased discharge of lacrimal fluid, doctors recommend starting treatment with drops. Children do not like to lay down during unpleasant procedures, and if the drops are still tweaked, the baby is guaranteed to turn away, push away your hand and cry. In order for the medicinal substance to have an effective effect, its uniform distribution over the entire surface of the eye is necessary. If the baby turned its head, jerked and splashed drops, you will not receive the expected therapeutic effect in a short time.

Newborn baby

Many children react very violently when a foreign substance gets into the eye.

How to fill the eyes of a baby without too many tears:

  1. Calm the baby and distract him with a toy.
  2. Before you bury your eyes, remove the eye drops from the refrigerator and warm them to room temperature. Be sure to check by dropping on your wrist.
  3. Conveniently place your baby in a cot or on a changing table.
  4. Gently and gently move the lower eyelid down, trying not to scratch it.
  5. Drip in the medicine and slowly massage the eyelid, distributing the liquid over the surface of the eye.
  6. Use a dry cotton pad or lint-free wipe to remove any medicine residue.
  7. If necessary, perform the procedure again.

What can wash the eyes of a child with inflammation

If a child's eyes are red and watery, you must first find out the reason. Irritation of the delicate mucous membrane can cause any minor detail. How can you figure out whether the redness of the white of the eye is a serious threat or will it take itself within a few days?

Causes of eye redness:

  • scratch on eyelid;
  • particles of dust, sand, small hairs and animal hair;
  • rupture of blood vessels;
  • wipe irritation;
  • allergic reaction;
  • irritation after hitting soap or shampoo;
  • acute respiratory viral infection or flu;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • other inflammatory diseases of the eye.

After the diagnosis has been established, the doctor prescribes the necessary procedures. Usually, babies are recommended to rinse their eyes daily with special solutions or to bury drops. In some cases, the pediatric doctor recommends applying a healing ointment for the baby’s lower eyelid. It should be remembered that self-treatment even in the simplest situation can lead to negative consequences. Be sure to consult with a specialist before starting a course of any drug.

Drug use

When the baby is first transferred beyond the threshold of the house, the so-called infant ambulance must appear. This is a small chest with all medicines, solutions and tools that can be useful in caring for an infant. Keep it close, and you never have to buy extra materials at the pharmacy.

Baby First Aid Kit

Such a simple set can save a lot of time.

Furacilin

Furacilin is an antiseptic intended for topical use. With it, you can make compresses, baths and lotions. It is also widely used to treat inflammatory eye diseases in babies. The drug kills various strains of bacteria, microorganisms, protozoa and even viruses, preventing their spread in the wound. The drug is available in tablet form. To prepare the solution, crush the tablet into a powder and dissolve in water.

Furacilin

Furacilin - a very old and reliable means to fight bacteria

Indications for use of furatsilina in pediatric ophthalmology:

  • eye souring phenomenon;
  • occlusion of tear ducts.

Be sure to remember that the solution should be prepared only according to the instructions. "By eye" and "at the tip of a spoon" in this case can lead to serious and irreparable consequences.

How to breed Furatsilin:

  1. Take a clean container, sterilize it if necessary in the oven and let it cool.
  2. Using a knife or mortar, pound one Furacilin tablet to the state of the smallest powder.
  3. With a measuring cup, scoop exactly one hundred milliliters of hot water and dissolve the resulting powder in it.
  4. After the water has cooled, strain the solution through sterile three-layer gauze to remove large particles.
  5. Stir the solution, cover and place in a cool dry place.

Every two days it is necessary to prepare a new portion of the solution. Do not use dirty cotton pads or napkins: throw them away after the first use.

Video: how to prepare Furacilin solution

Saline

Saline is a very weak saline fluid with a concentration of sodium chloride zero point and nine percent. Saline is a liquid known to all since childhood. Droppers are placed on it, medication is diluted with it and even the skin is treated. This liquid is also perfect for washing eyes with a small child.

Saline

Saline can be purchased at any pharmacy

Benefits of saline:

  • does not irritate the mucous membrane;
  • does not cause allergies;
  • does not require additional dilution;
  • costs less than many drugs;
  • neutralizes and removes microorganisms;
  • cleans well protein and fatty deposits.

The drug can be purchased in the form of a large bottle, and in the form of small plastic ampoules. Apply a small amount of the solution at room temperature on a cotton pad and gently wipe the baby's eyes. The inflammation will disappear a few days after the start of the procedure. Saline is an absolutely safe, affordable and easy way to get rid of a problem.

Bifidumbacterin

Many mummies mistakenly believe that Bifidumbacterin can be used to treat children's eyes. This is a therapeutic drug from the group of probiotics, which contains in its composition beneficial microorganisms. With it, you can restore the beneficial microflora of the gastrointestinal tract and strengthen the baby’s immunity.

Indications for use:

  • chronic constipation;
  • diarrhea;
  • colitis and enteritis;
  • intestinal infections;
  • parasitic invasions;
  • intestinal dysbiosis.

The medicine is a white powder that needs to be dissolved in a glass of warm water and given to the baby to drink. In no case should you drip it into your eyes: this may not only not improve the situation, but also cause acute anaphylactic shock or angioedema.

Use of herbal remedies

Many parents prefer to treat their crumbs with traditional medicine and herbal medicine. Plant material has a positive effect on the shell of the eye, but is a strong allergen. That is why it is recommended to start treatment with folk methods only after consulting a pediatrician. And it is also necessary to carry out specific allergological tests to exclude the possibility of the development of anaphylactic shock.

Herbal medicine for the treatment of the child's eyes:

  1. Take fifty grams of raw duckweed green. Pour four hundred milliliters of water and simmer for an hour. Cool the resulting mixture, strain through cheesecloth or a sieve and make lotions. Good help with excessive tearing of the eyes.
  2. Ten chamomile flowers brew a glass of boiling water. Strain and cool the solution. Wash baby's eyes with a cotton pad at least three times a day. Chamomile copes with inflammation.
  3. A tablespoon of finely chopped barberry root dissolve in half a liter of boiling water. Boil for fifteen minutes, stirring constantly. Use as a lotion at least five times a day. This procedure will help get rid of redness.
  4. Two teaspoons of raspberry berries pour boiling water, let it brew for a day. Drain excess liquid, wrap the resulting slurry in cheesecloth and use as a lotion twice a day.
  5. Throw two large stalks of wormwood in boiling water, boil for thirty minutes. Cool, strain the solution and use to wash the baby's eyes three times a day. Wormwood removes puffiness.

Photo Gallery: Herbal medicine for the treatment of baby's eyes

Can breast milk be used as a wash?

Breast milk is the best and most beneficial food for the baby, which helps him to absorb healthy vitamins and minerals, as well as to obtain the necessary supply of nutrients. It is also known that breast milk has completely unique healing properties, due to which it allows the child's body to recover quickly after any illness.

Lactation

Breastfeeding - the basis of the future health of the baby

Can inflammatory diseases of the eye be treated with it? Opinions of doctors on this subject are very different. Someone believes that breast milk is a source of lactobacilli and other microorganisms, which, getting to the surface of the eye, not only can not cure the infection, but also aggravate it. Other experts are confident that thanks to the unique composition of antiviral and antibacterial antibodies, mother's milk can give the child health.

If you still decide to use milk as drops for the baby's eyes, you should follow a few rules:

  1. Be sure to wash with soap and dry the mammary gland.
  2. If you are ill or are taking any medications, it is better to refuse this method of treatment.
  3. Carefully put a small amount of milk into the corner of the baby's eye.
  4. No need to try to rub it or pour as many drops in one eye as possible.

Remember: if the child has increased separation of fluid from the eye, as well as other signs of an allergic reaction, it is worth stopping treatment immediately. And also it is necessary to show the kid to the pediatrician and the ophthalmologist.

How to treat conjunctivitis in an infant

Conjunctivitis is an acute inflammatory erosive lesion of the mucous tissues of the eye. Most often the disease is bacterial in nature, but there are also types of viral or allergic conjunctivitis. Especially often this infection occurs in premature babies of the first weeks of life.

Conjunctivitis of the newborn

Yellow discharge in the corners of the eyes - the first sign of the disease

Manifestations of the disease:

  • eye protein redness;
  • the presence of yellowish discharge;
  • glued cilia;
  • increased body temperature;
  • fear of bright light;
  • the appearance of small bubbles or seals in the upper and lower eyelids;
  • tearfulness and irritability;
  • loss of appetite.

If the symptoms do not subside within a few days, be sure to visit a specialist. Most often, for the treatment of conjunctivitis in infants, various lotions and washes are used, which prevent the spread of pathogenic pathogens, due to which the disease stops developing.

What to wash eyes with conjunctivitis:

  • strong brewed tea;
  • chamomile decoction;
  • Furacilin solution;
  • saline;
  • Albucidum in solution;
  • a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Eye drops for various diseases

For other purulent-inflammatory processes in the eye area, you can use special drops that are allowed to apply from infancy. They will not only allow to relieve itching and irritation, but also fully eliminate the cause that caused the disease.

Before prescribing any medication, read the instructions and ask the advice of your doctor.

Most often in pediatric ophthalmology apply:

  1. Albucidum is a drug containing an antibiotic. It is used to treat conjunctivitis, blepharitis, and ulcerative erosions of the cornea. As well as the drug can be used to prevent various gonococcal and streptococcal infections.
  2. Levomycetin kills bacteria and viruses, and is also able to destroy some types of fungal infections. With it, you can get rid of severe corneal lesions and remove irritation in just a few days of use.
  3. Sulfacyl sodium is a unique antimicrobial agent that can be used within a few days after birth. Babies who have contracted chlamydial infection through the birth canal of the mother are prescribed it first.
  4. Collargol is a drug based on silver extract. It has excellent wound-healing properties, improves blood circulation in the affected area and promotes tissue regeneration. Consultation of the doctor is necessary before the start of the reception.
  5. Vitabact - specially designed drops to combat Klebsiella, Chlamydia, Proteus and Shigella. The drug not only destroys all these pathogens, but also contributes to the formation of sustainable immunity to combat pathogenic microflora.
  6. Miramistin is the best antiseptic for the treatment of purulent lesions of various organs. In pediatric practice it is used in the treatment of conjunctivitis of newborns. And you can also use it for traumatic irritation of the mucous membrane of the eye.
  7. Tabris and Tobreks - drugs from the same antimicrobial group. Contribute to the death of pathogenic microorganisms, helping to preserve the integrity of the cornea and reduce inflammation within a few days. It is recommended to apply them some time after the start of the course of washing the eyeball with Furacilin.

Eye drops for babies - photo gallery

How to apply eye ointment

If your baby was prescribed an ointment for the treatment of purulent and inflammatory eye diseases, you need to know how to properly lay it. Remember that before applying it is necessary to perform an eye wash procedure to remove various deposits and microbes.

How to apply the ointment:

  1. Calm and distract the baby.
  2. Clean your hands clean and dry them with a dry towel.
  3. Gently pull the baby's lower eyelid back and evenly squeeze the medicine out of the dispenser tube.
  4. Close the lower eyelid back and gently massage.
  5. Remove residual ointment with a cotton swab or disc.

Absolutely forbidden:

  • apply ointment with your fingers;
  • give the child to lick or lubricate the medicinal substance;
  • use cotton floss or cotton buds for application;
  • apply ointment to unwashed eyes.

Tetracycline ointment

Tetracycline ointment is a good bactericidal agent, an antibiotic that has been used for many years and copes well with different types of microorganisms. The drug is reasonably safe, which makes it possible to use it in adult and in children's practice.

Tetracycline ointment

Tetracycline ointment is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.

Main advantages:

  • high availability: can be purchased at any pharmacy;
  • low price;
  • no need to dilute or stir the drug;
  • convenient packaging for application;
  • practically does not cause allergic reactions;
  • quickly cope with inflammation, destroying pathogens.

What can not be used in the treatment of eye inflammation in a baby?

Some medical solutions and agents are prohibited for use in pediatric practice of treating eye diseases. Some of them have a negative effect on the mucous membranes, while other drugs can cause acute intoxication of the body and delays in the development of the baby.

What is forbidden to use for washing the eyes of the baby:

  • oil solutions in contact with the cornea can cause an acute allergic reaction or even clouding;
  • alcohol is never used in pediatric practice: it can cause severe tissue burns;
  • peroxide causes increased foam formation, which negatively affects the infant’s developing eye;
  • iodine and green, as well as other coloring matter can also cause chemical burns of the cornea of ​​the eyes;
  • Bifidumbacterin is used only for the treatment of intestinal infections, its use in ophthalmic practice can cause anaphylactic shock.

What drops can not be used in pediatric ophthalmology:

  • Cibroxin, Floksal, Tsifran and other drugs containing Ciprofloxocin: it negatively affects the development of the nervous system;
  • hormonal drops: Dexamethasone, Betamethasone can cause disorders of the adrenal glands;
  • narrowing vessels drops: Vizin, Atropine and Mezaton disrupt the nutrition of the retina in early infancy.

If you are not exactly sure whether it is possible to use any medicine to treat your baby’s illness, be sure to talk with your doctor or read the instructions for use. Many drugs can be taken only from a certain age, if there are no other contraindications.

Caring for a baby is always a bit exciting: many parents, who do not have much experience, are afraid to harm the little man with an awkward movement. You should not worry: for the first time it will be rather difficult to carry out the procedure of washing and bury the eyes of the newborn. However, after a few days you will easily and simply cope with this task. It is worth remembering that if the redness, purulent discharge and temperature did not pass after two or three days after washing, you should go to the pediatrician and the ophthalmologist. This way you can avoid the spread of infection.

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