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Frequent urination to urinate in women: causes and treatment

Frequent urination in women is not always a cause for alarm.

First, the frequency of bladder emptying is strictly individual. Secondly, the increase in urging can be caused by changes in nutrition and other reasons. At the same time, frequent urination usually lasts less than 2 days and is not accompanied by any other painful symptoms.

Applying to a doctor is necessary if a woman feels serious discomfort, while noting pain, a change in the amount of urine released, and a disruption in life rhythm.

Content

Causes of frequent urination in women

Causes of frequent urination

Causes of frequent urination in women

The conditional rate is considered to urinate up to 10 times a day (1-2 times per night). However, increased urge is not a pathology if a woman:

  • consumes a large amount of liquid and coffee (has a pronounced diuretic effect), on the eve of taking alcohol;
  • takes diuretics;
  • trying to lose weight with the help of special charges (often contain diuretic herbs);
  • undergoing hormonal adjustment during menopause;
  • is in old age (after 60 years, 2/3 of urine is excreted at night, which is associated with the physiological aging of the body);
  • survived a stressful situation ("bear" disease);
  • was in the cold (hypothermia causes spasm of smooth muscles of the bladder).

In these situations, women have frequent urge to urinate without pain, withdrawing themselves after exclusion of the causative factor (cancellation of diuretics, normalization of the drinking regimen, etc.).

Possible diseases, symptoms

If frequent urination occurs for more than 3 days and is accompanied by discomfort, a number of diseases should be excluded.

Pathology of the urinary tract

Every third representative of the fair sex notes frequent urination caused by inflammation of the bladder or kidneys.

— воспалительный процесс в мочеиспускательном канале — считается в большинстве случаев женской болезнью. Urethritis - an inflammatory process in the urethra - is considered in most cases a female disease. The short and wide urethra is the entrance gate for infections.

This factor is aggravated by improper hygiene. In this case, the woman notes a burning sensation in the perineum, the secretion of mucus from the urethra.

— распространенное заболевание, характеризующееся воспалением слизистой мочевого пузыря. Cystitis is a common disease characterized by inflammation of the bladder mucosa. Frequent urge to urinate with pain in women is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen (pulling, cutting character).

In advanced cases, changes in the urine are detected: blood, turbid color due to the appearance of protein and an increase in white blood cells.

— развитие воспаления в почках — сопровождается гипертермией до 39-40ºC, признаками интоксикации (слабость, тошнота) и болями в пояснице, иногда иррадиирующими в ногу. Pyelonephritis - the development of inflammation in the kidneys - is accompanied by hyperthermia up to 39-40ºC, signs of intoxication (weakness, nausea) and back pain, sometimes radiating to the leg. In urine pus and elements of blood come to light. Chronization process is accompanied by hypertension.

дает характерную симптоматику: мочеиспускание внезапно прекращается, хотя остается ощущение наполненности мочевого пузыря. Urolithiasis gives characteristic symptoms: urination stops suddenly, although there is a feeling of fullness in the bladder.

Soreness extends to the suprapubic area and the perineum, increases with movement (shaking in the car, walking) and during urination.

провоцирует часто возникающие позывы, требующие незамедлительного мочеиспускания. Muscle weakness of the bladder provokes the frequent urge to immediately urinate. The state resembles the period of pregnancy, but the amount of urine excreted is sharply reduced (the norm is 150-250 ml).

The progression of muscle weakness leads to incontinence.

The opposite condition, giving similar symptoms, muscular hyperactivity, is due to the excitability of the nervous system.

Gynecological pathology

Gynecological pathology The proximity of the genital organs causes dysfunction of urination in gynecological diseases.

— опухоль, достигшая больших размеров, сдавливает мочевой пузырь и провоцирует частые безболезненные позывы к мочеиспусканию. Uterine fibroids - a tumor that has reached a large size, squeezes the bladder and provokes frequent painless urge to urinate. Related symptoms: menstrual disorders, abdominal pain, uterine bleeding.

The prolapse of the uterus is accompanied by frequent urination, heavy menstruation, soreness and bloody vaginal discharge.

— многие из них (микоплазмоз, хламидиоз ) нередко протекает бессимптомно. Venereal diseases - many of them (mycoplasmosis, chlamydia ) are often asymptomatic. Others ( gonorrhea , trichomoniasis ) give bright symptoms: severe pain when urinating, itching in the perineum, unpleasant-smelling vaginal discharge (white, purulent, brownish).

Genital herpes (the appearance of sharply painful blisters on the genitals) is also accompanied by frequent urination.

Diseases of other organs and systems

Frequent urination often provokes the following pathological conditions:

  • anemia - there is muscle weakness of the bladder;
  • sugar / diabetes insipidus - the daily volume of urine increases to 3-5 liters, urine with an unpleasant smell, the patient notes thirst, itching in the perineum, dry mouth, weakness and weight loss;
  • cardiovascular pathology - is the cause of the accumulation of fluid in the body of a woman during the day and frequent urge to urinate at night.

Frequent urination during pregnancy

Frequent urination during pregnancy Frequent urging to the toilet is not a pathology for a pregnant woman, although this condition causes some discomfort, especially when in crowded places.

In the first trimester, frequent urination, both day and night, is due to the physiological rearrangement of the hormonal background, and in the last trimester, pressure on the bladder of the enlarged uterus and fetal movements.

When urinating looks more suspicious during pregnancy, such a condition can adversely affect the development of the fetus.

Diagnostics

Mandatory research with frequent urination - urine analysis. Leukocytes (a sign of an inflammatory process), erythrocytes (if the kidneys and bladder mucosa are damaged), bacteria / fungi, protein, and salt can be identified.

The extent of the subsequent diagnosis depends on the recorded symptoms in the woman and may include:

  • advanced urine tests (seeding, Nechiporenko's test, Amburzha analysis, etc.);
  • cystoscopy (endoscopic examination of the bladder);
  • gynecological examination and vaginal smear (exclusion of sexually transmitted infections);
  • Ultrasound examination of the bladder, kidneys, genitals;
  • blood test for sugar, the study of hormonal background (if myoma is detected);
  • ECG (for suspected heart disease).

Treatment of frequent urination in women

Treatment of frequent urination in women

The main goal of the treatment program is to eliminate the causative disease:

— обязательна при выявленном воспалении. Antibiotic therapy is obligatory when inflammation is detected. The choice of the drug, its dosage and duration of use are determined by the attending physician, taking into account the identified pathogen.

In case of cystitis / pyelonephritis, antibacterial medicines (tablets, injections) of a wide range (Amoxicillin), kidney antibiotics (Palin), herbal preparations (Fitolysin) are usually prescribed. The best drug for seeding E. coli in the urine - Fosfomycin.

лечатся эндокринологом с применением гормональных средств и сахароснижающих препаратов. Diabetic conditions are treated by an endocrinologist with the use of hormonal and hypoglycemic agents.

, конкременты в мочевыводящей системе нередко требуют оперативного вмешательства. Uterus prolapse / fibroids , calculi in the urinary system often require surgical intervention. Surgeons have a wealth of experience in laser surgery, endoscopic techniques to restore women's health.

— желательно исключить из рациона раздражающие мочевые пути продукты (специи, алкоголь, газированные напитки). Diet - it is desirable to exclude from the diet irritating urinary tract products (spices, alcohol, carbonated drinks).

— специальная гимнастика способствует укреплению мышц таза и предупреждает развитие недержания мочи. Exercise - Special gymnastics strengthens the muscles of the pelvis and prevents the development of urinary incontinence.

— самым эффективным лекарственным сырьем при частом мочеиспускании является трава тысячелистника (обладает противовоспалительным действием и помогает даже при старческом недержании мочи). Phytotreatment - the most effective medicinal raw material with frequent urination is the yarrow herb (it has an anti-inflammatory effect and helps even with age - related urinary incontinence).

However, it is worth remembering: any medicinal plant has contraindications, and treatment should be long (at least 2 weeks, with repeated courses).

— УВЧ, электрофорез, грязи дают хороший эффект при запущенном воспалительном процессе. Physical procedures - UHF, electrophoresis, dirt give a good effect when the inflammatory process is neglected.

Recommendations for women with urination disorders

Limit fluid intake, especially before bedtime.

Proper hygiene: replace bathing in the shower, rinse in the direction of spider-back (excluding the drift of E. coli), follow the recommendations on the use of tampons and pads during menstruation.

Warming up the bladder at home with an already developed infection does not give the desired result.

Painful urination to urinate, accompanied by other symptoms and lasting more than 2-3 days, require medical advice.

Health is the main value of women. Listen to the signals of your body, do not neglect the qualified medical assistance and be healthy!

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2017-05-29 14:09:06
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