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Ear hurts, what to do and how to treat at home?

If you delve into the anatomical structure of the ear, you can find out that the ear is divided into three parts: the ear canal (outer ear), middle ear and inner ear. The cavity of the ear in its structure communicates with the nasal cavity and oropharynx.

Often with discomfort, people prefer to self-medicate, but the causes of pain in the ears are great, and therefore treatment in certain situations is completely different.

Content

Why hurts in the ear?

Causes of pain in the ear

Most often, ear pain occurs in young children, due to the anatomical structure of the organ - the ear canal in children is wide and short.

An infection from the pharynx or the nasal cavity during acute respiratory infections easily falls into the middle ear in the absence of timely medical care or improper treatment of the primary disease.

In adults, the inflammatory process is the cause of the development of otitis - a disease in which the ear inside is severely sore. Other causes of ear pain are the following conditions:

  • Sulfuric cork - with the overproduction of earwax in humans, a so-called cork is formed, which presses on the eardrum and causes constant pain;
  • The resulting injury - most often happens when cleaning the ears with sharp objects (pins, pencil, matches and others) or deep sticking of a cotton swab inside during hygienic procedures;
  • Puncture of the ears - the pain is localized in the ear lobe;
  • Rupture of the eardrum;
  • Problems with teeth - during pulpitis or growing wisdom teeth, the patient often complains of dull pain in the ear from the side of the lesion, which is aggravated by chewing, swallowing, talking, yawning;
  • Abscess of the pharyngeal tonsil - the patient complains of pain in the throat and ear from the localization of the inflammatory process;
    Inflammation of the lymph nodes;
  • Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine - when turning the head and pinching the nerve, the patient may complain of shooting pain in the ear and neck on one side.

Ear hurts, what to do?

Ear hurts what to do

If you experience pain in the ear, the person should contact the otolaryngologist, the doctor will conduct an examination and establish an accurate diagnosis. What to do when an ear hurts depends primarily on the cause of the pain - consider the main ones:

In case of a sulfuric plug, the treatment consists in washing the external auditory canal with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution (several times), after which the ear is instilled and the patient is sent home. In the future, to prevent the formation of sulfuric plug can be through careful implementation of hygienic procedures.

If an adult has an ear ache in the background of the injury, blow or damage to the eardrum with a cotton swab, you should seek medical help as soon as possible. The lack of timely medical intervention will lead to self-fusion of the ear membrane and the development of a serious complication - hearing loss.

Depending on the cause of the ear pain, the patient is prescribed the appropriate treatment:

  • In case of problems with the teeth - consultation of the dentist and treatment of caries, pulpitis, wisdom tooth removal;
  • When otitis is not to do without antibiotics, depending on the severity of the course of the disease, the patient is prescribed medication in the form of drops, tablets or intramuscular injections;
  • In case of osteochondrosis or pinched nerve, consultation of a neurologist, a massage course, exercise therapy is necessary;
  • In lymphadenitis - antibiotic therapy, the identification and elimination of the main cause of the development of the inflammatory process (the disease often occurs when there are malignant tumors in the body).

Ear pains

If the ears hurt from earrings, it is necessary to eliminate the inflammatory process in the ear lobe, which often develops when the rules of asepsis and antiseptics are violated during a puncture. When pus is excreted at the puncture site, and the lobe itself is swollen, hot to the touch and hyper - the earrings must be removed, and the ear itself twice daily with alcohol or other antiseptics until the wound is completely healed.

Sometimes the inflammatory process develops as a result of wearing earrings from an alloy that includes nickel. To solve the problem, it is enough to treat the lobe with an antiseptic solution and replace the usual earrings with silver or a medical alloy product.

If your ear hurts, do not try to make a diagnosis at home and prescribe a treatment. Pain can be a cause of serious conditions, and delay and improper therapy often lead to complications, such as hearing impairment or complete deafness.

A child's ear hurts: what to do?

Sore ear in a child

A kid who can talk will surely complain to mom about the pain in the ear - but what about the infant, because he cannot say what bothers him? In such situations, the mother of the baby should be attentive and pay attention to any change in the behavior of the crumbs. The reasons for referring to a pediatrician are such symptoms:

  • The child is constantly crying, can not sleep;
  • The kid twitches the earlobe with his fingers, from which it begins to cry even more;
  • Sucking breasts, bottles or food intake is accompanied by increased pain, as a result, the child refuses the offer;
  • Body temperature can rise to 38 degrees or remain unchanged.

Before the arrival of the doctor, the mother herself can check whether the failure of the breast or the bottle causes ear pain. To do this, put the baby on the back and gently press a finger on the tragus of the ear. If a light pressure causes a strong crying and anxiety of the child, then his ear really hurts.

What if the ear is laid, but does not hurt?

ear laid but not sore

The main causes of a situation where there is congestion in the ears, but there is no pain, are:

  • Fly in an airplane - when people climb, many people complain of ear congestion and hearing impairment, which is caused by pressure drop and an increase in the load on the eardrum;
  • The ingress of water into the ear - while diving, bathing;
  • Dystonia ;
  • A sharp drop in blood pressure, a vascular collapse - for the prevention of such a condition, one should not abruptly get out of bed, stay in a stuffy room for a long time, and engage in physical activity on an empty stomach.

To cope with the discomfort will help the correct behavior of the person at the moment. You can get rid of ear congestion when you raise the height of the plane, if you slightly open your mouth or chew gum. You can simply swallow periodically, as if you are eating food - thus increasing air pressure is evenly distributed on the Eustachian tube and eardrum.

If water gets into your ear, you can get rid of the congestion by tilting your head to the side in the opposite direction and jumping on one leg. When water gets inside and the ear hurts - it is allowed to drip inside a couple of drops of boric acid or make a warming compress.

When increasing pain, congestion and fever, consultation with an otolaryngologist is necessary, since such symptoms signal the development of the inflammatory process.

In case of ear congestion caused by a violation of vascular tone, it is necessary to undergo an examination and a neurologist who will prescribe a course of treatment and help get rid of the discomfort.

Interesting
Angela Kravchenko
2017-10-05 05:12:24
I have a warm compress to my ear and come to bed and it doesn’t become so painful anymore.

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