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The coccyx hurts, what to do with pain in the coccyx?

The coccyx is the final part of the human spine, in which there are large nerve plexuses, regulating the functions of the pelvic organs and support apparatus. Therefore, the coccyx is an indicator of many internal, neurological and orthopedic diseases.

General innervation causes the spread of painful sensations of the pelvic organs in the coccyx. The most common traumatic injuries of the caudal (lower) part of the spine.

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The coccyx hurts when you sit and get up

The coccyx hurts when you sit and get up

The final part of the spine is the most fragile place, therefore, when falling with acceleration, traumatic injuries of the coccyx often occur.

The most vulnerable people are engaged in speed skating or figure skating. Frequent visits to the emergency room occur in the winter in the icy conditions. Other causes of pain in the coccyx when sitting and standing:

  1. Pathology of the spine - displacement of the disc, deformation of the vertebrae, congenital and acquired disorders (kyphosis, scoliosis, spondylarthrosis).
  2. Myopathies - contribute to the infringement of the nerve roots and cause an acute pain symptom in the coccyx.
  3. Diseases of the intestine and venous insufficiency - cracks in the anus, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the rectum and sigmoid colon, as well as the consequences of surgical interventions on the pelvic organs.
  4. Injuries during childbirth - overextension, bleeding in the tailbone tissue, stretching the muscles of the perineum.
  5. Prolonged functional bowel disorders (diarrhea, constipation).
  6. Deformation of the coccyx when sitting on a soft surface.
  7. Purulent lesions of the coccygeal region (fistula, furuncle, pressure sores ).
  8. Damage to the nerve roots causes severe pain.
  9. Contusion of the coccyx and other "dull" injuries

There are pains in the coccyx, the cause of which can not be detected. Such cases are called idiopathic cases. They are explained by the physiological characteristics of the structure. A third of cases of pain in the coccyx belongs to this species.

Inflammation in the lower back, such as a fistula, decubitus, strep infection, penetrates deep tissues and is accompanied by severe pain in the coccyx. The abundance of nerve endings causes the spread of pain in the perineum, lumbar region, thigh.

Pain with prostatitis has a characteristic sign, it occurs when you sit or get up. After surgical interventions on the perineum or pelvic organs, scar tissue remains, which cause pain upon rising.

Why does the coccyx hurt women?

Diseases of the internal organs (gynecological or urological) cause pain giving to the coccyx. Treatment, in this case, consists of the therapy of the underlying disease. More often it happens: cystitis, adnexitis , urethritis. In chronic inflammation, the pain is not acute, but aching, intensifying when the torso is tilted.

After bruises, pain is associated with movement, it increases with sitting or lying down. Post-traumatic pains are associated with a change in the position of the body, they can disturb periodically or permanently.

Sometimes in women, the coccyx hurts during menstruation and after surgery to remove the ovary, fallopian tubes, or hysterectomy.

Complications after childbirth (endometritis) also occurs with pain, giving back to the lower back. This is also facilitated by the violation of mineral metabolism, namely: a decrease in the concentration of calcium in the blood.

The pressure on the lower spine increases when the baby is born: the uterus presses on the rectum, which rests against the spine, as a result, the pregnant women have periodic pain in the coccyx. Their intensity depends on the filling of the intestines with food masses.

Why does the coccyx hurt? - Diagnosis of pain

Why does the coccyx hurt? There are several research methods that can accurately diagnose the pathology of the coccyx. The choice depends on the nature of the disease. In inflammatory processes, the most informative are computer tomography, electromyography or MRI .

Radiography is a method in which displacement, fractures or dislocations are determined. The gross deformations and fractures can be determined by manual examination using the probing method.

The presence of fistulas requires laboratory analysis of scrapings. Once the pathogen is identified, antibiotics are prescribed.

The coccyx hurts, to what doctor to address?

The disease of the coccygeal region has a different cause, so treatment, in the first place, involves its elimination. Depending on this, the surgeon, neurologist, gynecologist or urologist provides assistance.

The patient will have to undergo an examination and recall the illnesses, injuries, infectious and family diseases that have occurred. This will help to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the treatment as soon as possible.

What if the coccyx hurts? - treatment

What to do if the tailbone hurts

Given that most diseases occur with severe pain, analgesic therapy comes to the fore. Modern non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs successfully cope with this task - it's baralgin, ketalong, acupane.

Traumatic injuries require stimulation of regenerative processes, therefore biostimulants and microelements are prescribed. Inflammatory processes are eliminated with antibiotics and local antiseptics.

After the abatement of the acute process, physiotherapy is prescribed: darsonval, UHF, mud cure, ozocerite. Heavier traumatic injuries require surgical intervention.

What to do at home?

In the rehabilitation period, you need to limit the physical load: lifting of gravity, running, jumping and movement associated with straining. But for the prevention of adhesive and scarring processes, special gymnastic exercises are prescribed:

  • First: lying bend the knees, hands put in the popliteal fossa, slowly withdraw legs to the sides, while opposing the hands (8-10 times).
  • Second: the position is the same, the hands on the stomach, feet to squeeze the ball, sandwiched between the knees, arms to counteract the respiratory movements of the abdominal muscles (5-8 times).
  • Third: on the back to compress the ball stops, legs straightened (6-8 times).
  • Fourth: lying on your back raise the pelvis (8 - 10 times), knees should be diluted.

Treatment with folk remedies:

  • Compress of valerian - tincture (cook yourself or buy ready) is applied to gauze, put on coccyx, cover with cellophane, and put warm cloth on top. Compress leave for 6-8 hours, you can at night;
  • Essential oil of fir periodically (2-3 times) rub into the affected area;
  • Mummy with rose oil (0.5 gr mumie dissolve to an ointment-like consistency), rub.
  • Painful place can be lubricated with iodine. It is better to do this before going to sleep, and warm the area of ​​the coccyx. Perform the procedure twice a week.

Complications of coccyx diseases

If the disease is not treated in time, an infection can join. The aseptic process passes into a purulent inflammation with the formation of fistulas and abscesses. This is dangerous by the development of paraproctitis and extensive phlegmon .

Sluggish, prolonged inflammation often results in the formation of the coccyx cyst . The development of a purulent complication is accompanied by high fever, severe pain and redness.

There is a danger of a cyst moving to a malignant tumor. Therefore, the treatment of pelvic diseases and traumas of the coccyx should be approached seriously, do not delay the examination and adhere to the recommendations of the doctor in charge.

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