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Decryption of analyzes

Causes of pain when urinating in women: symptoms of the disease or a variant of the norm

Cystitis or inflammation of the bladder is the most common cause of pain when urinating in women. That pain is a mandatory sign of an inflammatory reaction.

In addition to cystitis, inflammatory diseases of the following organs can be accompanied by pain: urethra, kidney, vagina.

Causes of pathological conditions of these organs:

  • reduced immune defense;
  • hypothermia;
  • exacerbation of chronic diseases;
  • penetration into the tissue of microorganisms.

Considering the last reason in more detail, we note that the ways of introducing microorganisms are usually the following:

  • ascending path (infection "rises" from the genital organs through the urethra to the higher organs);
  • the descending pathway (the infection “descends” from higher organs, for example, the kidneys);
  • hematogenous (or lymphogenous) path (the infection enters the vessels from adjacent or distant organs).


Identifying the causes of painful urination in women

Causes of pain when urinating in women

Consider in detail the symptoms of pathological conditions that are accompanied by pain when urinating.

  • Cystitis

When cystitis often want to go to the toilet. During urination there is a burning sensation. The pain in the lower abdomen when urinating in women is clearly manifested, which indicates pathology in the area of ​​the bladder. Urine can have an unpleasant odor.

Cystitis can be acute and chronic. The second form of the disease occurs with alternation of two periods: exacerbation and remission. Characteristic symptoms manifest themselves in the period of exacerbation or in the midst of an acute period.

Often, cystitis can occur in women who begin sexual intercourse, which is associated with changes in the microflora of the external genital organs.

  • Urethritis

Urethritis is an inflammatory disease of the canal that is needed to flush urine into the environment. In women, the urethra is much shorter than in men and reaches a length of 3-7 cm. In addition, it is located next to the vagina, which can lead to urethritis.

The characteristic signs of inflammation of the urethra include: cutting pains at the end of urination, burning and the presence of a small itch, rarely can be discharge.

  • Inflammation

Inflammation of the genital organs can occur for various reasons. In addition to microorganisms, they predispose to the disease: prolonged use of antibacterial drugs, changes in hormonal levels, pathological conditions accompanied by metabolic disorders, mechanical injuries of the genitals, and allergic reactions.

Symptoms accompanying diseases:

  1. unusual (pathological) discharge;
  2. hyperemia (redness) of the mucous membrane of the vagina;
  3. itching;
  4. not always, but pain is possible at the time of urination;
  5. violation of general well-being, which is accompanied by hyperthermia;
  6. pain in side when urinating.

If there is pain in the side when urinating in women, this symptom may indicate a disease of the internal genital organs or of urolithiasis. Often, pathological changes occur on the one hand.

  • Infections

Infections that are transmitted during sexual intercourse cause inflammation of the genital organs, and sometimes the urethra.

Similar signs characteristic of most sexually transmitted diseases include: redness, burning, irritation of the labia and vagina.

If the urethra is involved in the pathological process, pain occurs when urinating.

  • Allergy

Allergy to personal care products or material from which the underwear is made.

Pain at the end of urination with blood

Pain at the end of urination with blood Pain at the end of urination with blood indicates any pathology in the urogenital system. Most often, a small discharge of blood and pain when urinating in women at the end indicate acute cystitis. Blood in the urine should not be.

Microscopic examination of urine in the field of view of red blood cells should be absent, not to mention the visible blood. Blood can be excreted in the urine with glomerulonephritis, that is, with the defeat of the renal tubules.

In this case, the urine resembles the color of meat slop. Blood in the urine may be due to the presence of stones and / or sand in the renal pelvis or bladder. When they move, damage occurs to the walls of the ureters, bladder, which leads to the appearance of visible blood.

Normally, blood may be present in the urine only during menstrual flow.

Diagnosis of pain during urination in women

Diagnosis of pain during urination Diagnosis of pain during urination in women should begin with a survey. The patient, as a rule, complains not only of pain during urination and discharge, but also on a number of other local (frequent urination, urine excretion in small portions, sometimes drop by drop) and, in severe cases, common symptoms.

The latter group of symptoms of cystitis includes general malaise, weakness, fever, decreased performance.

Another pathology from which to distinguish cystitis is an attack of renal colic. It occurs when urolithiasis at the time of movement of sand along the urinary tract. The pain is clearly felt at the beginning and throughout the act of urination.

If blood is secreted during urination in women with pain, the doctor may prescribe additional research methods in order to rule out other diseases, assess the neglect of the pathological process, and also involve other organs in it.

Of the instrumental methods, the most common is ultrasound. From laboratory research methods - blood and urine tests are prescribed.

Treatment of pain when urinating in women

Treatment of pain when urinating in women To treat pain when urinating in women should urologist or therapist. As etiotropic therapy (aimed at the cause of the disease), antibacterial drugs are prescribed by a specialist.

To reduce the symptoms of intoxication, it is recommended to use more fluids. The bladder will often be filled with urine and cleaned of microorganisms. On the advice of a doctor, you can apply heat to the lower abdomen.

When cystitis is recommended to observe bed rest, avoid hypothermia. It is necessary to exclude spicy and smoked products from your diet.

During treatment it is not recommended to use diuretic drugs, which reduce the concentration of antibacterial agents.

One of the common drugs prescribed by urologists is Uroprofit. It has good antimicrobial properties. The complex of substances included in its composition normalizes urination, improves the functioning of the kidneys, reduces the risk of recurrence of exacerbation.

The following antibacterial drugs are prescribed in the treatment: “Furagin”, “Nitroxoline”, “Liprokhin”, “Proxacin”, etc. The dosage of drugs is selected by the doctor taking into account the age, neglect of the pathological process, and concomitant diseases.

Traditional methods of treatment

A great addition to the traditional therapeutic course are the tools of traditional medicine. In addition to the herbs from which decoctions are made, infusions are used to warm the bladder area.

4 effective folk recipes:

  1. chop parsley seeds. Add to 30g a mixture of 2 cups (350 - 400 ml) of boiled water. During the day, the resulting infusion should be drunk;
  2. take in the same proportion of chamomile flowers and field horsetail. The resulting mixture is well mixed and brewed as tea (a tablespoon of 200 - 300 ml of boiling water). Drink 1 glass a day. This tool helps well in the period of exacerbation when feeling acute pain;
  3. chop 2 tablespoons of yarrow herb and pour boiling water in a volume of 250 ml. The infusion is ready after 30 minutes. It should be consumed in 30 ml (approximately 1 tablespoon) several times a day;
  4. well help to eliminate the infection of lingonberry leaf, cranberries and cranberries. A traditional infusion is prepared from a lingonberry leaf (1 tbsp. Spoon per glass of water), and compotes are made from the berries, fruit drinks are made. They should be drunk as often as possible.

Herbal treatment will be effective if they are consumed for a long time, alternating between different formulations.

Preventing painful urination

Prevention To prevent this symptom, as a manifestation of one of any inflammatory diseases of the urinary system, if you avoid overcooling.

Preventing painful urination is to prevent recurrences of exacerbations of chronic diseases of the kidneys, bladder, urethra, vagina. In addition, you should:

  • wear cotton underwear;
  • do not neglect the rules of personal hygiene;
  • use suitable, non-allergic personal care products;
  • to lead an "orderly" sex life.

It is possible to avoid the recurrence of symptoms of diseases of the urinary system organs, if you take timely courses of antibiotic therapy as prescribed by your doctor, avoid stressful states, and follow the rules of a healthy lifestyle.

A good therapeutic effect has a treatment in health care facilities of the sanatorium type.

Pain during urination in women during pregnancy

During gestation, a feeling of pain in the bladder can occur in the following cases:

  • bladder infection;
  • movement of stones and sand along the urinary tract during urolithiasis;
  • compression of the organ by the uterus at late gestation periods.

If you have pain when urinating in women during pregnancy - you should immediately consult a doctor. Otherwise, the infection may spread higher to the kidneys.

проверенными медикаментами не рекомендуется , так как беременность требует подбора препаратов, не влияющих на развитие плода, что может сделать только врач. Self-treatment with proven drugs is not recommended , since pregnancy requires the selection of drugs that do not affect the development of the fetus, which can only be done by a doctor.


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